MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   13 Apr 2024      ()
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Index of Plant Families (5 families in this page)

Main LAMIALES (the Mints), SOLANALES and BORAGINALES
BORAGINACEAE
Borage
CONVOLVULACEAE
BindWeed
LAMIACEAE
Mint
SOLANACEAE
Potato
VERBENACEAE
Vervain
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




BORAGINACEAE
Juss.
( Borage Family )
Subfamalies: Boraginoideae; Cordioideae; Ehretioideae; Heliotropioideae; Hydrophylloideae; Lennooideae

Family Description: Herbs or dwarf shrubs, often hispid. Leaves alternate, exstipulate, simple. Flowers usually in scorpioid cymes, usually actinomorphic. Calyx 5-toothed or-lobed. Corollas lobed, cylindrical, campanulate, hypocrateriform or rotate, usually with a distinct tube and limb; tube often with 5 scales, invaginations, or tufts or lines of hairs inside, sometimes with an annulus at the base. Stamens 5, inserted on the corolla and alternating with the lobes. Ovary superior, 2- or 4-locular; style usually simple, arising from between the 4 lobes of the ovary (gynobasic), rarely terminal. Fruit of 2 or 4 nutlets (rarely 1 or 3 by abortion).
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Retzi.

Main Synonym :
Anchusa azurea Mill.
Italian Bugloss,
Large Blue alkanet,
Garden Anchusa
Lsien il-Fart ikħal Apr-Jun Detailed Profile
with
30
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Borago hortensis L.
Common Borage,
Common Bugloss,
Burrage
Fidloqqom Dec-May Detailed Profile
with
59
images.
(L.) I.M.Johnst.

Main Synonym :
Lithospermum arvense L.
Lithospermum arvense L.
Field Gromwell,
Corn Gromwell
Maltese name not known Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cerinthe acuta Moench
Honeywort,
Great Honeywort
Qniepen Feb-Apr Detailed Profile
with
40
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Cynoglossum amplexicaule Lam.
Blue Hound's Tongue Ilsien il-kelb Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Echium diffusum Guss.
Coastal Viper's Bugloss Lsien il-fart tar-ramel,
Lsien il-fart tax-xtut
Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L. fil.

Main Synonym :
Echium fastuasum Aiton
Pride of Madeira Maltese name not known Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Echium pyrenaicum L.
Pale Bugloss,
Italian Viper's Bugloss,
Italian Bugloss
Ilsien il-fart abjad,
Ilsien il-fart kbir
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Moench

Main Synonym :
Echium calycinum Viv.
Small-flowered Viper's Bugloss Lsien il-fart żgħir Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
11
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Echium lycopsis L.
Purple Viper's Bugloss,
Paterson's Curse,
Salvation Jane
Lsien il-fart vjola Mar-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Pomel

Main Synonym :
Echium sabulicola var. gussonei Klotz
Sand Viper's Bugloss Lsien il-fart tax-xatt Apr-May Normal Profile
with
18
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Heliotropium glaucum Salisb.
Salt Heliotrope,
Seaside Heliotrope,
Quailplant
Vanilja bajda tal-baħar May-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Heliotropium majus Garsault
Common Heliotrope,
Potato weed,
European Heliotrope
Vanilja bajda Jun-Sep Detailed Profile
with
35
images.
Rochel

Main Synonym :
Myosotis collina Hoffm.
Early Forget-me-not Widnet il-ġurdien Mar-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) I.M.Johnst.

Main Synonym :
Lithospermum apulum (L.) Vahl
Yellow Gromwell Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
1
images.
(Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth

Main Synonym :
Hydrolea urens Ruiz & Pav.
Wigandia caracasana Kunth
Wigandia Maltese name not known May-Sep Normal Profile
with
11
images.


CONVOLVULACEAE
Juss.
( BindWeed Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs. Stems often climbing. Leaves alternate, exstipulate. Flowers actinomorphic, in terminal or axillary inflorescences, sometimes solitary. Sepals 5, usually free. Corolla infundibuliform, tubular or campanulate, usually 5-lobed or -angled. Stamens 5, alternating with corolla-lobes. Ovary 1- to 4-locular, superior; ovules 1 or 2 in each loculus; style terminal. Fruit a capsule.
1
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Ten.) G.Don

Main Synonym :
Calystegia sepium × C. silvatica
Hybrid bindweed Leblieb bagħal Jun-Aug Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(L.) R.Br.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus sepium L.
Hedge bindweed Leblieb kbir roża May-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Griseb.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus silvaticus Kit.
Great bindweed Leblieb kbir May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) R.Br.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus soldanella L.
Sea bindweed,
Sand bindweed
Leblieb tar-ramel,
Leblieb tal-baħar
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Mallow bindweed,
Mallow-leaved bindweed,
Riviera bindweed
Leblieb tax-xagħri roża Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(Sm.) Stace

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus elegantissimus Mill.
Convolvulus elegantissimus Miller
Silvery Mallow-Leaved BindWeed,
Dissected Mallow-Leaved BindWeed
Leblieba tax-xagħri ċar,
Leblieba tax-xagħri tal-werqa fiddenija
Mar-Jun Detailed Profile
with
36
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus auriculatus Desr.
Field BindWeed,
Lesser bindweed,
Morning Glory Flower
Leblieb tar-raba May-Sep Detailed Profile
with
40
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus terrestris L.
Cantabrican morning glory,
Dwarf bindweed,
Cantabrican bindweed
Leblieb skars Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus intermedius Loisel.
Narrow-leaved bindweed,
Pygmy bindweed
Leblieb abjad,
Leblieb tax-xatt
Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Desr.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus linearis Curtis
Pink bindweed,
Olive-leaved bindweed
Leblieb tal-irdum,
Leblieb tal-blat
Jan-Oct Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus arcuatus C. Presl
Two-coloured bindweed,
Grassy bindweed
Leblieb żgħir Mar-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Viv.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus mauritanicus Boiss.
Blue rock bindweed,
Ground blue bindweed,
Savona bindweed
Leblieb ta' Savona May-Sep Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus ovatus Moench
Blue bindweed,
Small bindweed
Leblieb tal-werqa tleqq Mar-May Normal Profile
with
16
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus cupanianus Death.
Three-coloured bindweed,
Dwarf Morning Glory
Leblieb ikħal,
Leblieb tal-werqa tleqq
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cressa humifusa Lam.
Mediterranean bindweed,
Grey-leaved Marsh Cresse,
Salt Cresse
Kressa May-Jul Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Yunck.

Main Synonym :
Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.
Western Field Dodder,
Golden Dodder,
Field Dodder
Pittma tal-Amerika Mar-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(L.) L.

Main Synonym :
Cuscuta europaea var. epithymum L.
Dodder,
Clover Dodder,
Thyme Dodder
Pittma Jan-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Vahl

Main Synonym :
Monogynella monogyna (Vahl) Hadac
One-seeded dodder Maltese name not known Jan-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ipomoea bona-nox L.
Moonflower vine,
Tropical white morning glory,
Moon vine
Kampanella bajda Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(L.) Lam.

Main Synonym :
Convolvulus batatas L.
Sweet potato vine Patata Ħelwa Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Sweet

Main Synonym :
Ipomoea palmata Forssk.
Cairo morning glory,
Mile-a-minute Vine,
Messina creeper
Kampanella tal-Eġittu Oct-Jul Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Merr.

Main Synonym :
Ipomoea cathartica Poir.
Blue morning Glory,
Oceanblue morning Glory,
Blue Dawnflower
Kampanella tal-Indja Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
20
images.
(L.) Roth

Main Synonym :
Ipomoea diversifolia Lindl.
Purple morning glory,
Common morning Glory,
Tall morning Glory
Kampanella komuni,
Kampanella vjola
Feb-Oct Normal Profile
with
3
images.
Cav.

Main Synonym :
Ipomoea rubro-caerulea Hook.
Morning glory,
Mexican morning glory
Kampanella kaħla Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.


LAMIACEAE
Lindl.
( Mint Family )
Conservative synonym: Labiatae
Subfamalies: Symphorematoideae; Viticoideae; Ajugoideae; Prostantheroideae; Nepetoideae; Scutellarioideae; Lamioideae

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs, often glandular and aromatic. Leaves usually simple, exstipulate, opposite. Flowers zygomorphic, usually in contracted and modified cymes in the axils of opposite bracts or floral leaves, forming pseudowhorls called verticillasters, which in turn are arranged in simple or compound spike-like, cymose, corymbose, paniculate or capitate inflorescences; rarely in true cymes. Bracts leaf-like, or much reduced or modified (usually called floral leaves when conspicuous). Bracteoles usually small, sometimes absent. Calyx usually 4- or 5-lobed, often 2-lipped with the upper lip 3-toothed and the lower 2-toothed. Corolla sympetalous; limb usually 5-lobed, often 2-lipped with the upper lip 2-lobed and the lower lip 3-lobed, rarely all 5 lobes forming the lower lip. Stamens usually 4, didynamous, rarely 2. Ovary superior, 2-carpellate but appearing equally 4-lobed when mature due to further partition; style single, usually branched above and gynobasic. Fruit of four 1-seeded nutlets.
1
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Schreb.

Main Synonym :
Teucrium iva L.
Southern Bugle,
French Groundpine,
Southern Groundpine
Xantkura Mar-Nov Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(Robill. & Castagne ex DC.) Briq.

Main Synonym :
Ajuga iva subsp. Pseudoiva Ajuga iva subsp. Pseudoiva
Yellow Southern Bugle,
French Groundpine
Xantkura safra Mar-Nov Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(Sw.) Briq.

Main Synonym :
Ballota ruderalis Sw.
Ballota nigra subsp. uncinata (Bég.) Patzak
Black Horehound,
Black Hoarhound,
Stinking Horehound
Marrubja sewda Oct-Apr Detailed Profile
with
51
images.
(L.) Kuntze

Main Synonym :
Melissa nepeta L.
Calamuntha nepeta (L.) Savi
Lesser Calamint,
Nepitella,
Basil thyme
Kalaminta,
Kammilta
Oct-Apr Detailed Profile
with
51
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pollichia amplexicaulis (L.) Willd.
Henbit Dead Nettle,
Common Henbit,
Giraffe Head
Kapilliera Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Lavandula officinalis Chaix
Common Lavender,
True Lavender
Spika tal-Kamla May-Sep Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Stoechas dentata Mill.
French Lavender,
Fringed Lavender
Spika Franċiża Jun-Nov Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lavandula pinnatifida Webb
Fern-leaved Lavender,
Egyptian Lavender,
French Lace Lavender
Spika tal-weraq maqtugħ,
Spika tal-Eġittu
May-Sep Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Marrubium apulum Ten.
White Horehound,
Common Horehound
Marrubja bajda Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Thymus melissa E.H.L.Krause
Balm,
Lemon Balm
Nagħniegħ in-naħal,
Buriħa,
Melissa
May-Jul Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mentha adspersa Moench
Water Mint Nagħniegħ selvaġġ Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mentha ×balsamea Willd.
Peppermint Nagħniegħ tas-seba' rwejjaħ Jul-Oct Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mentha exigua L.
Peppermint,
Pennroyal Mint,
European Pennyroyal
Plejju Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mentha viridis (L.) L.
Spear Mint Nagħniegħ,
Nagħniegħ tal-ikel
May-Aug Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Ehrh.

Main Synonym :
Mentha rotundifolia (L.) Huds.
Round-leaved Mint Nagħniegħ Selvaġġ Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(L.) Benth. ex Rchb.

Main Synonym :
Satureja graeca L.
Greek Savory,
Pink Micromeria
Sagħtrija Griega Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Benth.

Main Synonym :
Satureja microphylla Guss.
Maltese savory,
Small-leaved Micromeria
Xpakkapietra,
Xkattapietra,
Sagħtrija
Nov-May Normal Profile
with
15
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ocimum album L.
Basil,
Common Basil
Ħabaq Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with
3
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Dictamnus creticus Garsault
Dittany,
Dittany of Crete,
Hop Marjoram
Rieġnu ta' Ġnien il-kbir May-Sep Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Majorana hortensis Moench
Marjoram,
Sweet Organic,
Sweet Majoram
Merqtux,
Merdqux
May-Sep Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Majorana onites Benth.
White Marjoram,
Pot Marjoram
Riegnu abjad May-Sep Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Origanum floridum Salisb.
Oregano,
Wild Marjoram,
Greek Oregano
Riegnu selvaġġ,
Merqdux selvaġġ
May-Sep Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Phlomis latifolia Mill.
Great Sage,
Jerusalem Sage
Salvja tal-Madonna Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(Lour.) Spreng.

Main Synonym :
Coleus amboinicus Lour.
Cuban oregano,
Spanish thyme,
Mexican thyme
Maltese name not known Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
3
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Prasium minus L.
White Hedge-Nettle,
Mediterranean Prasium
Te` Sqalli Jan-May Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rosmarinus angustifolius Mill.
Rosemary Klin All Year Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Salvia triloba L.f.
Three-lobed Sage Salvja ta' Sqallija May-Aug Normal Profile
with
15
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Salvia grandiflora Ten.
Common Sage Salvja tal-ikel May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Salvia horminioides Pourr.
Wild Sage,
Wild Clary,
Vervain Salvia
Salvja selvaġġa,
Haxixet il-Fwied
Dec-Mar Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hesiodia romana (L.) Samp.
Common Siderits,
Simplebeak Ironwort
Sideritis Mar-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Briq.

Main Synonym :
Stachys hirta L.
Hairy Woundwort,
Yellow Woundwort,
Italian Hedge-nettle
Betonika Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Chamaedrys flava Moench
Yellow Germander Borgħom komuni May-Jul Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Teucrium tomentosum Moench
Olive-leaved Germander,
Evergreen Germander,
Shrubby Germander
Żebbuġija Dec-Jun Normal Profile
with
12
images.
(Schreb.) Arcang.

Main Synonym :
Teucrium scordioides Schreb.
Water Germander Borgħom tal-ilma Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
8
images.
(L.) Cav.

Main Synonym :
Thymbrus capitatus Hoffmanns. & Link
Mediterranean Thyme,
Headed Savory,
Conhead Thyme
Sagħtar May-Jul Normal Profile
with
20
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Vitex latifolia Mill.
Chaste Tree,
Monk's Pepper,
Virgin Bush
Siġret il-virgi,
Għadib,
Bżar il-Patrijiet
Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
15
images.


SOLANACEAE
Juss.
( Potato Family )
Subfamalies: Cestroideae; Goetzeoideae; Nicotianoideae; Petunioideae; Schizanthoideae; Schwenckioideae; Solanoideae

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs. Leaves simple to pinnate, exstipulate. Flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic, hermaphrodite. Calyx (3-)5(-6) lobed or -dentate. Corolla rotate to campanulate, infundibuliform or tubular, 5(6- or 10)-lobed, rarely subentire; lobes valvate or plicate in bud. Stamens 5(-8), adnate to the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes; anthers usually with introrse longitudinal dehiscence. Ovary superior, with 2 (rarely more) loculi; style simple; stigma entire to 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule or berry usually 2-locular. Seeds usually numerous (rarely 2-11).
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Datura meteloides Dunal
Downy Thorn Apple,
Desert Thorn Apple,
Angel's Trumpet
Siġret ir-rizzi Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
3
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Datura tatula L.
Common Thorn Apple,
Apple of Peru,
Devil's Trumpet
Maltese name not known Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hyoscyamus minor Mill.
White Henbane,
Russian Henbane
Mammażejża,
Bang
Apr-May Detailed Profile
with
61
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hyoscyamus lethalis Salisb.
Henbane,
Black Henbane
Maltese name not known Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lycium halimifolium Mill.
Chinese Wolfberry,
Himalayan Goji Berry,
Barbary matrimony vine
Għawseġ tax-xarq,
Goxi selvaġġ
May-Sep Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lycium chinense Mill.
Mediterranean Tea Tree,
Mediterranean Boxthorn,
Spiny Jujube Tree
Għawseġ tal-Mediterran Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Miers.

Main Synonym :
Lycium macrocalyx Dammer
African Tea Tree,
African Boxthorn,
Cape Boxthorn
Għawseġ tal-Afrika Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Boiss.

Main Synonym :
Lycium shawii Roem. & Schult.
Southern Tea Tree,
Southern Boxthorn
Għawseġ tal-ħitan Mar-Jul Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Graham

Main Synonym :
Siphaulax glabra Raf.
Glaucous Tobacco,
Tree Tobacco,
Shrub Tobacco
Tabakk tas-swar,
Siġra tat-Tabakk
Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Physalis pubescens var. peruviana
Peruvian Cape Gooseberry Tuffieħ tal-fanal May-Jun Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Cav.

Main Synonym :
Solanum saponaceum Hook.
Silver-leaf Nightshade Maltese name not known Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with
4
images.
Hepper & P.-M.L.Jaeger

Main Synonym :
Solanum sodmeum Dunal
Brown Nightshade Maltese name not known Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.
Tomato Tadama Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Solanum exaratum Raf.
Black Nightshade,
Garden Nightshade,
Poisonberry
Għeneb id-dib iswed All Year Normal Profile
with
11
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Solanum andigenum Juz. & Bukasov
Potato Patata Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
4
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Solanum sinaicum Boiss.
Yellow Nightshade,
Hairy Nightshade,
Red-fruited Nightshade
Għeneb id-dib isfar,
Tuffieħ is-serp
Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(L.) Dunal

Main Synonym :
Physalis somnifera L.
Mediterranean Withania Maltese name not known May-Sep Normal Profile
with
9
images.


VERBENACEAE
Jaume St.-Hil
( Vervain Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs with opposite or verticillate leaves. Flowers 4- to 5-merous, weakly zygomorphic. Calyx usually small. Corolla rotate. Ovary superior, initially 1-locular but becoming 2- to 4-locular by the development of septa; style terminal; ovules usually 1 in each loculus. Fruit usually a drupe, rarely a capsule or dividing into 2 or 4 1-seeded nutlets.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Duranta repens L.
Golden Dewdrop,
Sky Flower
Maltese name not known Feb-Jun Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lantana armata Schauer
Lantana,
Spanish Flag
Lantana Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Briq.

Main Synonym :
Lantana selloi Steud.
Trailing Lantana Lantana xeblieka Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Lippia repens Spreng.
Lippia,
Creeping Lip Plant,
Turkey Tangle Fogfruit
Maltese name not known Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Verbena officinalis L.
Common Verbena,
Vervain,
Herb-of-the-cross
Buqexrem Apr-Dec Normal Profile
with
8
images.

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