by Stephen Mifsud
   13 Apr 2024      ()
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Prasium majus   (White Hedge-Nettle)

Prasium majus  (LAMIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2006 (taxon update: Oct-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Prasium majus - datasheet created on Oct-2006. Retrieved from on 13-Apr-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Prasium majusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 601 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Prasium minus L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Lamiaceae Lindl. (=Labiatae) (The Mint Family)
36 species from the Lamiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

White Hedge-Nettle, Mediterranean Prasium

Maltese name(s) :

Te` Sqalli

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE ( dwarf or small woody shrubs )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

January – May

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Prasium: Uncertain derivation though 'prasinus' means green in Latin, and the first plant species described (Prasium majus) actually has bright green leaves. (Latin origin )
majus: Bigger, larger, greater, superior. This term was often given to plants which are larger or 'more important' compared to other species in the same genus (sometime referred as minor or lesser). (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Dry places, mainly near the sea.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garigue, Stony Walls, Valley sides.
Botanical Description: Stems up to 1 m, erect, divaricately branched, glabrous or glabrescent, rarely hirsute. Leaves 2-5 x 0.8-2 cm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, crenate or crenate-serrate, the lower cordate and the upper truncate at the base, usually glabrous; petiole 10-18 mm. Floral leaves like the cauline but smaller, or the upper entire. Calyx accrescent, up to 25 mm in fruit, glandular-puberulent or glabrous; lobes ovate to ovate-lanceolate, aristate. Corolla 17-20 mm, white or lilac; upper lip oblong, obtuse; lower lip with the middle lobe largest. Nutlets 3-4 mm, ovoid-trigonous, black.
Chromosome number: 2n=34
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, C. & S. Portugal.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Bl Ca Co Cr Cy Eg Gr Hs IJ It Ju Li LS Lu Ma Md Sa Si Tn Tu(A)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (14 images)
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-0.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-1.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-2.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-3.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-4.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-5.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-6.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-7.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-8.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-9.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-10.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-11.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-12.
   Prasium majus   -   Image Code: PRSMJ-13.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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