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   9 Feb 2023      ()
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Ipomoea batatas   (Sweet potato vine)


Ipomoea batatas  (CONVOLVULACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: Aug-2021)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ipomoea batatas - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 09-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ipomoea batatas(L.) Lam.
Published in Tab. Encycl. Méth. Bot. 1: 465 (1793)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Convolvulus batatas L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Convolvulaceae Juss. (The BindWeed Family)
24 species from the Convolvulaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sweet potato vine

Maltese name(s) :

Patata Ħelwa

Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien. Species that was introduced in Malta rather recently and normally it is short-lived or resticted to small populations for a short time, without becoming widespread or invasive.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

White

Toxicity:

Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Ipomoea: Resembling a large worm for the twining stems climbing on trees and walls. (Latin origin )
batatas:

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive (see ERA guidelines)


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated for its edible tubers (sweet potatoes) in parts of S. Europe where it is warm enough for the plant to grow
Preferred habitat in Malta: Abandoned fields, field margins, valley sides.
Botanical Description: Plants prostrate or climbing with tuberous roots, perennial. The stems usually somewhat succulent, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves variable, from cordate to ovate, entire, dentate or often deeply lobed, 5-10 cm long, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers absent in some varieties, frequent in others, in few-flowered cymes or sub-umbellate-cymose. Sepals oblong, the outer acuminate and cuspidate, (8-) 10-15 mm long, mostly pubescent or only ciliate. Corolla with a lavender to purple limb and darker throat, white in some varieties, 4-7 cm long. Fruits rarely formed, ovoid, glabrous.
Distributional range: S. Europe
Native region outside Europe: Tropical America

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  the Azores, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Az aAz(F J L M P S T) Bl(I) Ca(C F G P T) cGr cHs Hs(S) Li Lu Ma Md(M P) cMo cRf(C E) cRm Si(S) cUk(K)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (0 images)

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