by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Ipomoea purpurea   (Purple morning glory)

Ipomoea purpurea  (CONVOLVULACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: Aug-2021)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ipomoea purpurea - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ipomoea purpurea(L.) Roth
Published in Bot. Abh. 27 (1787)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Ipomoea diversifolia Lindl.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Convolvulaceae Juss. (The BindWeed Family)
24 species from the Convolvulaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Purple morning glory, Common morning Glory, Tall morning Glory

Maltese name(s) :

Kampanella komuni, Kampanella vjola

Status for Malta :

Persisting Alien. Introduced species for horticulture (flowering plants) or agriculture (herbs or fruiting trees) usually within the last 2 centuries and persist after their original location or site is abandoned. They do not widespread but usually remain as a single tree or a very localised population.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

February – October

Colour of Flowers:



Toxic, and may lead to irreversible damage or death if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Ipomoea: Resembling a large worm for the twining stems climbing on trees and walls. (Latin origin )
purpurea: having a deep purple colour (usually referring to the flowers). (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive (see ERA guidelines)

Remarks :

Most common species of Ipomoea in the Maltese islands that nowadays can be considered as invasive.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Naturalized in hedges and on roadsides.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Cultivated climber often escaping in the wild in already vegetated areas such as valley sides, maquis and wooded areas where they are often found scrambling on small trees
Botanical Description: Annual or perennial herb with long, trailing or climbing stems; usually perennial. Lamina 4-16 cm, ovate or broadly ovate, entire, acuminate, cordate. Inflorescences one or seldom few-flowered; sepals 10-16 mm, lanceolate, gradually tapering from near the base, uniformly finely pubescent and with conspicuous bristles below; corolla 40-60 mm, purple to purple-blue.
Distributional range: S. Europe
Native region outside Europe: Tropical America

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, the Balaeric Islands, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Romania
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Ab(A N) AE(G) aAl Ar Au cAu(A) aBe(B) Bl(I M) aBr By nCa Ca(C) -Co aCs nCt Cy nEg Es Ga(F) nGg nGr nHs Hs(S) cHu aIJ nIt nJu La aLS Lt Lu nMd Md(M P) cMo No Rf(C E K NW S) aRm -Sa aSi(M) nSi(S) Sk Sl nTcs nTn nTu(A E) Uk aUk(K)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (3 images)
   Ipomoea purpurea   -   Image Code: IPMPU-0.
   Ipomoea purpurea   -   Image Code: IPMPU-1.
   Ipomoea purpurea   -   Image Code: IPMPU-2.

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