MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   4 Feb 2023      ()
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Solanum nigrum   (Black Nightshade)


Solanum nigrum  (SOLANACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Solanum nigrum - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 04-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Solanum nigrumL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 186 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Solanum exaratum Raf.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Solanaceae Juss. (The Potato Family)
17 species from the Solanaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Black Nightshade, Garden Nightshade, Poisonberry

Maltese name(s) :

Għeneb id-dib iswed

Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) but usually been on the Islands more than 1000 years.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

All Year

Colour of Flowers:

White

Toxicity:

Toxic, and may lead to irreversible damage or death if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Solanum:
nigrum: Latin word for black. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Disturbed and cultivated ground.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Subglabrous to villous annual up to 70 cm, with simple hairs; stems decumbent to erect. Leaves 2.5-7 x 2-4.5(-6) cm, ovate-rhombic to lanceolate, entire to sinuate-dentate. Cymes (3-)5- to 10-flowered, lax, solitary; peduncles (10-)14-30 mm, usually erecto-patent in fruit, the pedicels usually much shorter, recurved in fruit. Calyx 1-2.5 mm, slightly accrescent, deflexed or adhering to base of berry; lobes usually ovate. Corolla (8-)10-14(-18) mm in diameter, usually 1½-3 times as long as calyx, white. Anthers 1.5-2.5 mm, yellow. Berry 6-10 mm wide, usually wider than long, dull black or green; seeds 1.7-2.4 mm.
Distributional range: Most of Europe, but doubtfully native in much of the north.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al Ar Au dAu(A) Az(C F G J L M P S T) Be Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C F G H L P T) Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(F) dGe Gg Gr Hb He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C E K NW S) Rm Sa Sg Si(M S) dSk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Au(A) nAz(C F G J L M P S T) Cs Fe Hb(E) Po Sk]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (11 images)
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-0.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-1.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-2.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-3.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-4.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-5.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-6.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-7.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-8.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-9.
   Solanum nigrum   -   Image Code: SLNNG-10.

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