by Stephen Mifsud
   9 Feb 2023      ()
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Stachys ocymastrum   (Hairy Woundwort)

Stachys ocymastrum  (LAMIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2006 (taxon update: Oct-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Stachys ocymastrum - datasheet created on Oct-2006. Retrieved from on 09-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Stachys ocymastrumBriq.
Published in Lab. Alp. Marit. 252 (1893)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Stachys hirta L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Lamiaceae Lindl. (=Labiatae) (The Mint Family)
36 species from the Lamiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Hairy Woundwort, Yellow Woundwort, Italian Hedge-nettle

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – June

Colour of Flowers:

Pink or Cream


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Stachys: From the Greek 'stachus' meaning an ear of grain or a spike with reference to the spike-like form of the inflorescence. (Greek origin )
ocymastrum: Composed of two Greek words - 'Ocymum' meaning basil and 'aster' meaning alike, and hence indicating that this species resembles or is related to Basil. (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Mostly in valleys.
Botanical Description: Erect, hirsute annual 20-50 cm. Leaves 10-50 x 7-40 mm, oblong-ovate to broadly ovate, obtuse, slightly cordate at base, crenate-serrate, hirsute. Verticillasters 4- to 6-flowered, remote or the upper crowded. Calyx 7-10 mm, hirsute; teeth equal, as long as or longer than tube. Corolla 12-15 mm, yellow or white with yellow lower lip; tube shorter than calyx; upper lip c. 6 mm, 2-fid; lower lip c. 7 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=18
Distributional range: S.W. Europe, Italy once recorded from Kriti.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Bl Ca Co Cr Ga Gr Hs It Lu Ma Md Sa Si Tn

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (10 images)
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-0.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-1.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-2.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-3.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-4.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-5.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-6.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-7.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-8.
   Stachys ocymastrum   -   Image Code: STYOM-9.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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