MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   31 Jan 2023      ()
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Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   (Water Germander)


Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides  (LAMIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 31-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides(Schreb.) Arcang.
Published in Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy ser. 3, 9: 411 (1908)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Teucrium scordioides Schreb.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Lamiaceae Lindl. (=Labiatae) (The Mint Family)
36 species from the Lamiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Water Germander

Maltese name(s) :

Borgħom tal-ilma

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

Violet

Toxicity:

Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Teucrium: Greek name attributed to Germander. It is believed that it is an old name for Teucer, the first king of Troy who used this plant for the first time in as a medicine. Teucer went to Cyprus, where he founded the town of Salamis and ruled as king. (Greek origin )
scordium subsp. scordioides:

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Some plants were found at the Fiddien/Qlejgha valley system in Rabat. These plants were re-introduced by Mr. Timothy Tabone from native stock originally growing in Bahrija Valley and which for many years believed to be extinct from the wild, as also indicated in the Red Data Book. Stock material was collected by Timothy in 1996. The plants were spotted in May 2013 and hopefully they survive and regenerate into established populations. Note that this species is strictly protected by law. It can be identified by having wool-like hair, growing along or close to water courses, and forms lilac flowers in June till the end of Summer. Other Teucrium species in Malta are not usually found close to water courses.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Stolons usually densely clothed with scale-leaves. Leaves of the main stem cordate, semiamplexicaul; leaves of lateral branches rounded at base, toothed all round.
Chromosome number: 2n=32
Distributional range: S. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Al Bl Bu Co Cr Cy Ga Gr Hs IJ It Ju LS Lu Ma Rf(CS) Sa Si Tcs Tu(A E) Uk(K U)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (8 images)
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-0.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-1.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-2.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-3.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-4.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-5.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-6.
   Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides   -   Image Code: TEUSC-7.

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