MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   20 May 2024      ()
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Index of Plant Families (4 families in this page)

Principal Monocots (page 1)
AMARYLLIDACEAE
Daffodil or Amaryllis
ASPARAGACEAE
Asparagus
ASPHODELACEAE
(-> Xanthorrhoeaceae)
Asphodel
COLCHICACEAE
Colchicum
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




AMARYLLIDACEAE
Jaume St.-Hil
( Daffodil or Amaryllis Family )
Subfamalies: Agapanthoideae (= Agapanthaceae family); Allioideae (= Alliaceae family); Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae family senso strico)

Family Description: Glabrous, bulbous, scapose (rarely more or less acaulescent), perennial herbs. Leaves all basal, linear to lorate or oblanceolate, often distichous. Flowers in an umbel (sometimes reduced to a single flower), subtended by a spathe of 1 or more usually scarious valves. Flowers hermaphrodite, regular or slightly zygomorphic. Perianth of 6 petaloid segments, arising from the apex of the ovary, or from a hypanthial tube. Corona sometimes present. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular; stigma capitate or shortly 3-lobed. Fruit a loculicidal or irregularly dehiscent capsule, sometimes with fleshy pericarp and transitional to a berry.
21
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Porrum ampeloprasum (L.) Mill.
Broadleaf Wild Leek Tewm selvaġġ Apr-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cepa vulgaris Garsault
Garden Onion,
Bulb Onion
Basla Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Saturnia chamaemoly (L.) Salisb.
Dwarf Garlic Tewm qerqni Dec-Jan Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Allium ampeloprasum var. commutatum (Guss.) Fior
Maritime Wild Leek,
Sea Garlic
Kurrat tax-xatt Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with
13
images.
nothosp. nov.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Hybrid Sea Leek Kurrat tax-xatt bagħal Jun Normal Profile
with
17
images.
Brullo, Lanfr. & Pavone

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Maltese Dwarf Garlic Tewm irqiq ta' Malta,
Tewm żgħir ta' Malta
Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Cirillo

Main Synonym :
Allium amblyopetalum Link
Naples Leek,
White garlic
Kurrat ta' Napli Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Molium nigrum (L.) Haw.
Black Garlic,
Broad-leaved black garlic
Ċuplajs Apr-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(Redouté) K.Richt.

Main Synonym :
Allium longispathum Redouté
Allium dentiferum Webb & Berthel.
Pale garlic Tewm Safrani May-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Schult. & Schult. fil.

Main Synonym :
Allium ampeloprasum subsp. polyanthum (Schult. & Schult. f.) O.Bolòs & al.
Allium commutatum Gussone
Many-flowered garlic Kurrat selvaġġ May-Jun Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Allium carneum Ten.
Rosy Garlic Tewm ħamrani Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Porrum sativum (L.) Rchb.
Garlic,
Cultivated Garlic
Tewm May-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(Guss.) Arcang.

Main Synonym :
Alium arvense Guss.
White Round-headed Garlic Tewm ta' Għawdex May-Jul Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Porrum sphaerocephaluon (L.) Rchb.
Round-Headed Leek,
Ball-headed Onion
Tewm kaħlani,
Tewm vjola
Jun-Aug Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Allium hirsutum Lam.
Hairy Garlic Tewm muswaf,
Tewm Selvaġġ Muswaf
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Salzm. ex Schult. & Schult. fil.

Main Synonym :
Allium vernale Tineo
Spring Garlic Tewm muswaf Rari Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Cirillo

Main Synonym :
Allium subhirsutum subsp. trifoliatum (Cirillo) Arcang.
Pink Garlic Tewm tal-linja vjola Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Allium medium G. Don
Three-cornered Garlic Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Herb.

Main Synonym :
Narcissus serotinus subsp. deficiens (Herb.) K.Richt.
Triparted-crown late Narcissus,
Triparted-crown autumn Narcissus,
Herbert's autumn Narcissus
Narċis imwaħħar,
Ranċis imwaħħar
Sep-Nov Detailed Profile
with
29
images.
Spach

Main Synonym :
Narcissus obsoletus Spach
Elegant Narcissus Narċis imwaħħar skars Oct-Nov Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Ker Gawl.

Main Synonym :
Hermione papyracea Schult.f.
White Narcissus Narċis abjad Apr-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hermione serotina Haw.
Late Narcissus,
Autumn Narcissus
Narċis imwaħħar ta sitt qasmiet Sep-Nov Detailed Profile
with
3
images.
(Ker Gawl.) Baker

Main Synonym :
Hermione chlorotica Jord. & Fourr.
Garden Narcissus Narċis pallidu Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hermione taxetta (L.) Haw.
French Daffodil,
Cream Narcissus,
Polyanthus Narcissus
Narċis,
Ranċis
Oct-Mar Detailed Profile
with
65
images.
Kunth

Main Synonym :
Nothoscordum inodorum sensu P.Fourn.
Fragrant False Garlic,
Sweet Garlic,
Onion weed
Tewm tal-qsari,
Tewm tal-fwieħa
Apr-Nov Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Pomel

Main Synonym :
Pancratium collinum Coss. & Durieu ex Coss.
Stinking Sea Daffodil Pankrazju tal-ħarifa Sep-Oct Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Hymenocallis maritima M.Roem.
Sea Daffodil,
Sea Lily,
Sand Lily
Pankrazju selvaġġ,
Narċis tar-Ramel,
Ġilju tar-Ramel
Jul-Oct Detailed Profile
with
42
images.
Harv.

Main Synonym :
Tulbaghia cepacea var. robustior Kunth
Society Garlic,
Pink Agapanthus,
Wild Garlic
Tewm vjola,
Tewn tal-Ġonna
Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.


ASPARAGACEAE
Juss.
( Asparagus Family )
Conservative synonym: Liliaceae
Subfamalies: Agavoideae (=Agavaceae family); Aphyllanthoideae (=Asparagaceae sensu stricto); Brodiaeoideae (=Themidaceae family); Lomandroideae (=Laxmanniaceae family); Nolinoideae (=Ruscaceae family); Scilloideae (=Hyacinthaceae family)

Family Description: Description text for this family is under progress and unavailable at the moment ...
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Agave milleri Haw.
American Agave,
Century Plant,
American Aloe
Sabbara tal-Amerika,
Agave
Jul-Sep Normal Profile
with
18
images.
Trel.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Agave,
Century Plant,
American Aloe
Sabbara tal-Amerika,
Agave
Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
4
images.
Salm-Dyke

Main Synonym :
Agave glaucescens Hook.
Soft-leaved Agave,
Spineless Agave,
Foxtail Agave
Maltese name not known Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
15
images.
Engelm.

Main Synonym :
Agave applanata var. parryi (Engelm.) Mulford
Parry's Agave Maltese name not known Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Perrine

Main Synonym :
Agave rigida var. sisalana (Perrine) Engelm.
Blue Agave,
Sisal Hemp
Sabbara ta' Sisal,
Sisal
Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Lam.

Main Synonym :
Protasparagus africanus (Lam.) Oberm.
African asparagus Spraġġ tal-Afrika Aug-Sep Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Asparagus aphyllus var. bovei Baker
Mediterranean Asparagus,
Prickly Asparagus,
Spiny Asparagus
Spraġġ xewwieki Oct-Dec Normal Profile
with
14
images.
(L.) Druce

Main Synonym :
Asparagus medeoloides Thunb.
African Asparagus,
Bridal Creeper,
Smilax Asparagus
Maltese name not known Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
4
images.
(Kunth) Jessop

Main Synonym :
Asparagus sprengeri Regel
Bushy Asparagus,
Sprenger's Asparagus
Maltese name not known Apr-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Protasparagus falcatus (L.) Oberm.
Asparagus Fern,
Sicklethorn
Maltese name not known Sep-Dec Normal Profile
with
2
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Asparagus sativus Mill.
Wild Asparagus,
Garden Asparagus
Spraġġ Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
6
images.
(Kunth) Jessop

Main Synonym :
Asparagus plumosus Baker
Plumose Asparagus,
Asparagus Fern
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Forrsk.

Main Synonym :
Asparagus horridus L.
Grey Asparagus Spraġġ griż Feb-Apr Detailed Profile
with
39
images.
Baker

Main Synonym :
Protasparagus virgatus (Baker) Oberm.
Broom Asparagus Maltese name not known May-Aug Normal Profile
with
2
images.
(L.) Sweet

Main Synonym :
Hyacinthus romanus L.
Roman Hyacinth Ġjacint selvaġġ Mar-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
(Thunb.) Jacques

Main Synonym :
Anthericum comosum Thumb.
Spider Plant,
Spider Ivy,
Ribbon Plant
Rampila Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(Steinh.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt

Main Synonym :
Uriginea maritima (Steinh.) Baker
Urginea pancration (Steinheil) Phillippe
Sea Squill,
Sea Onion,
White Squill
Basal tal-għansar,
Għansar
Aug-Oct Detailed Profile
with
51
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Scilla coronaria Salisb.
Garden Hyacinth,
Common Hyacinth,
Dutch Hyacinth
Ġjacint Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Hyacinthus commutatus (Guss.) Ten.
Dark Grape Hyacinth,
Narrow-leaved Grape Hyacinth
Muskari skuri Mar-Apr Detailed Profile
with
35
images.
(L.) Mill.

Main Synonym :
Leopoldia comosa (L.) Parl.
Tassel Grape Hyacinth Basal il-ħnieżer Mar-May Normal Profile
with
14
images.
Guss. ex Ten.

Main Synonym :
Muscari compactum Baker
Southern Grape Hyacinth,
Starch Grape Hyacinth
Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Desf.

Main Synonym :
Muscari autumnale Guss.
Autumn Grape Hyacinth,
Lesser Grape Hyacinth,
Small-flowered Hyacinth
Ġjaċint tal-ħarifa Sep-Oct Detailed Profile
with
40
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ornithogalum latifolium L.
Large Star of Bethlehem,
Lesser Cape Lily,
Arabian Starflower
Ħalib it-tajr kbir,
Ħara taċ-Ċawl
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Boreau

Main Synonym :
Ornithogalum umbellatum subsp. divergens (Boreau) Asch. & Graebn.
Lesser Star of Bethlehem Ħalib it-tajr skars Mar-Apr Detailed Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ornithogalum lacteum Vill.
Southern Star of Bethlehem Ħalib it-tajr żgħir Apr-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
(L.) All.

Main Synonym :
Convallaria multiflora L.
Solomon's Seal,
David's Harp,
Ladder to Heaven
Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Speta.

Main Synonym :
Scilla autumnalis L.
Autumn Squill,
Starry Hyacinth
Għansar tal-ħarifa Sep-Oct Detailed Profile
with
45
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ruscus flexuosus Mill.
Butcher's Broom,
Box Holly,
Knee Holly
Niggiżet il-far,
Rand Xandri,
Nigżet il-far
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ruscus trifoliatus Mill.
Greater Butcher's Broom Belladonna,
Rusku
Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Scilla clusii Parl.
Portuguese Squill Għansar tal-ġonna Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Tineo ex Guss.

Main Synonym :
Scilla peruviana var. sicula L.
Sicilian Squill Għansal ikħal Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
18
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Yucca yucatana Engelm.
Spanish Bay,
Dagger Plant
Yukka Jul-Sep Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Yucca superba Haw.
Spanish Dagger,
Adam's Needle
Yukka Jul-Sep Normal Profile
with
4
images.


ASPHODELACEAE
Juss.
( Asphodel Family )

Recently placed in the Xanthorrhoeaceae family
Conservative synonym: Liliaceae
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: The Asphodelaceae is a sub family of the Liliacea which have the characteristic of having very little roots and no bulbs. They grow from deep rhizomes or tubers. They regularly have branched and conspicuous inflorescenses. They are incredibly able to grow on very little soil and The anatomy is very similar to the Liliaceae , mostly perennial herbs comprising about 280 genera and 4,000 species. The leaves are alternate or less often opposite or whorled. The flowers are often showy and are nearly always bisexual and actinomorphic. The perianth typically consists of two whorls of undifferentiated or weakly differentiated petaloid tepals with 3 distinct members in each whorl, or less frequently all of the segments are connate into a common perianth tube or perigynous or epigynous zone that sometimes has an adnate corona. The androecium usually consists of 6 fertile stamens attached to the receptacle or adnate to the perianth tube but rarely 3, 4, or up to 12 may be found. The gynoecium typically consists of a single compound pistil of 3 carpels, a single style commonly with 3 stigmas, and a superior or less often inferior ovary with 3 locules, each containing several to numerous axile ovules. Rarely there are 2 or 4 carpels and locules with axile placentation or only a single locule with intruded parietal placentation. The fruit is nearly always a capsule or berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Aloe mutabilis Pillans
Krantz Aloe Maltese name not known Dec-Feb Normal Profile
with
11
images.
(Aiton) Haw.

Main Synonym :
Aloe saponaria (Aiton) Haw.
Soap Aloe,
African Aloe
Maltese name not known Aug-Sep Normal Profile
with
14
images.
(L.) Burm.f.

Main Synonym :
Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Yellow Aloe,
Mediterranean Aloe,
True Aloe
Sabbara Apr-Sep Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L

Main Synonym :
Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav.
Onion Weed,
Pink Asphodel,
Onion-leaved Asphodel
Berwieq Żgħir Jan-Apr Detailed Profile
with
29
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Asphodelus aestivus Brotero
Branched Asphodel,
Common Asphodel
Berwieq Jan-Apr Detailed Profile
with
32
images.
(J.Jacq.) Haw.

Main Synonym :
Gasteria linita Haw.
Gasteria Maltese name not known Sep-Dec Normal Profile
with
5
images.


COLCHICACEAE
DC.
( Colchicum Family )
Conservative synonym: Liliaceae
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: The Colchicaceae are plants that grow from underground corms covered in tough papery tunics. The flowers have 3 styles that are free, rather than united into a single stalk. There are six tepal segments: 3 petals and 3 sepals. Each of the 6 anthers is attached at the base of one of the tepal segments. The most familiar genus in this family may be Colchicum, native to Eurasia. Bulbocodium is a genus closely related to Colchicum. Merendera is a genus with Colchicum-like flowers that grows in the Mediterranean, North African, and Middle Eastern areas. The genus Androcymbium is found in the Mediterranean and southward through South Africa. The genus Gloriosa contains the gaudy, vining Gloriosa Lily, which is native to southern Africa. Other genera in this family include Baeometra, Littonia, Sandersonia, and Wurmbea. The older usage of the family Liliaceae was an all-inclusive collection of plants that are considered in most recent classifications to belong to many families in at least two orders, Asparagales and Liliales. The Colchicaceae are still considered part of the Liliales, but separate from the Liliaceae. Colchicum generally resembles to an oversized, fall-blooming crocus, but in fact the two are quite distant both genetically and ornamentally.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Colchicum bertolonii Steven
Mediterranean meadow saffron Busieq,
Buswieq tax-xitwa
Oct-Nov Detailed Profile
with
43
images.

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