by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:

Aloe vera   (Yellow Aloe)

Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Xanthorrhoeaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Aloe vera - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Aloe vera(L.) Burm.f.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 968 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Xanthorrhoeaceae (=Liliaceae) (The Family)
6 species from the Xanthorrhoeaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Yellow Aloe, Mediterranean Aloe, True Aloe

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Archeophyte. Non-native species, but introduced in Malta before 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) but usually been on the Islands more than 1000 years.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE ( dwarf or small woody shrubs )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – September

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Aloe: A very old name which seems to originate from the Arabic 'alloeh' or the Hebrew 'allal', both meaning bitter. Some sources also include the Greek word 'alsos', similarly referring to the bitter juice of the plant, but the arabic name was used earlier. (Arabic origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive but some exception may be permitted by ERA (see ERA guidelines)

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Maritime sands and rocks.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Arid rocky ground usually near the sea. Also often seen cultivated in parks, gardens, hotels, and touristic establishments.
Botanical Description: Stoloniferous herb with numerous leaf-rosettes, basal or rarely terminating stems up to 10 cm; leaves 35-60 x 5-8 cm, narrowly triangular-lanceolate, glaucous, sometimes tinged with red, smooth on both surfaces. Inflorescence simple or with 1-2 branches. Racemes 30-50 x 5-6 cm; bracts 10 mm; pedicels 5 mm; flowers sharply deflexed. Perianth 25-30 mm, yellow; outer segments connate for 1/3 to 1/2 their length; inner segments adnate to outer in lower 1/3. Stamens exceeding perianth by 3-4 mm.
Distributional range: Mediterranean region, S. Portugal
Native region outside Europe: (?Arabia, N.E. Africa.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[AE(G) Ag Ca Cr Cy Gr Hs It Li Lu Md Si Tn Tu(A)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (14 images)
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-0.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-1.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-2.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-3.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-4.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-5.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-6.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-7.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-8.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-9.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-10.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-11.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-12.
   Aloe vera   -   Image Code: ALOVR-13.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   80 + 4 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)