MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   28 Jan 2023      ()
External Links:
 


Allium commutatum   (Maritime Wild Leek)


Allium commutatum  (AMARYLLIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Amaryllidaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date July-2006 (taxon update: July-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Allium commutatum - datasheet created on July-2006. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 28-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Allium commutatumGuss.
Published in Enum. Pl. Inar. 339 (1854)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Allium ampeloprasum var. commutatum (Guss.) Fior
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family)
28 species from the Amaryllidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Maritime Wild Leek, Sea Garlic

Maltese name(s) :

Kurrat tax-xatt

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

June – July

Colour of Flowers:

Pink or White

Toxicity:

Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Allium: The classical Latin name for garlic. (Latin origin )
commutatum: meaning changed or altered but in taxonomy it is often used for a species that is quite variable and was previously included in another species and have been described as a new and different species. In other words it was previously included in another species. (Latin origin ) 2 = In this case this allusion can be referred to the closely related species - Allium ampeloprasum.

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Open habitats near the sea; ocassionally in abandoned fields
Preferred habitat in Malta: Shallow rocky coasts
Botanical Description: Bulbs up to 6 cm in diameter, subglobose; outer tunics membranous or coriaceous, enclosing large yellowish bulblets. Stem up to 180 cm, solid. Leaves 5-11, up to 50 x 5 cm, sheathing the lower 1/4-2/3 of the stem, canaliculate but not keeled, glabrous. Spathe 1-valved, with ovoid base c. 2 cm, abruptly contracted above into a 2-edged beak 16-30 cm, caducous. Perianth ovoid; segments 4 x 1.5 mm, whitish-pink or dull magenta with green or purple keel, the outer lanceolate, acute, strongly concave, the inner narrowly obovate, obtuse, with serrate margin, all covered externally with minute papillae (only visible under microscope). Stamens exserted; outer 3 filaments c. 5 mm, usually tricuspidate with the basal lamina c. 0.5 mm wide, or sometimes simple; inner with the base c. 1 mm wide, the base and the lateral cusps about as long as the central cusp. Capsule c. 4 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=16, 24, 32
Distributional range: C. & E. Mediterranean region

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Corse, Crete, Greece, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Bl Co Cr Gr It Ju Sa Si Tu(A)

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
A revision of Allium subsect. Allium (Amaryllidaceae) for the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud & Owen Mifsud  (2018)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (13 images)
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-0.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-1.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-2.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-3.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-4.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-5.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-6.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-7.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-8.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-9.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-10.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-11.
   Allium commutatum   -   Image Code: ALLCM-12.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: info@maltawildplants.com as email address to send your donation   Online Donation


$int_menu2[8]
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   90 + 8 =     This website is about
          




MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2022)