MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Allium roseum   (Rosy Garlic)


Allium roseum  (AMARYLLIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date July-2006 (taxon update: July-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Allium roseum - datasheet created on July-2006. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Allium roseumL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 296 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Allium carneum Ten.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family)
28 species from the Amaryllidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Rosy Garlic

Maltese name(s) :

Tewm ħamrani

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – April

Colour of Flowers:

Pink or Violet

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Allium: The classical Latin name for garlic. (Latin origin )
roseum: Having a rose colour (=purple-pink) with reference to the colour of the flowers. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated ground and dry, open habitats esp. garrigue and exposed ground.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Rocky ground, garigue, fallow fields and wasteground especially near fertile land.
Botanical Description: Sp. Pl. 296 (1753). Bulbs c. 1.5 cm in diameter, broadly ovoid or subglobose, with numerous bulblets; outermost tunic crustaceous, pitted with numerous minute often hexagonal perforations, inner tunics smooth. Stem 10-65 cm, terete. Leaves 2-4, 12-35 cm x 1-14 mm, sheathing the lower 1/5 of the stem, linear, glabrous, or with scabrid margin. Spathe up to 1.5 cm, 1-valved, deeply 3- to 4-lobed, shorter than pedicels, persistent. Umbel up to 7 cm in diameter, fastigiate or hemispherical, with 5-30 flowers, without bulbils and usually many-flowered and fertile (var. roseum), or with bulbils and then usually few-flowered and sterile (var. bulbiferum DC.); pedicels 7-45 mm. Perianth campanulate to broadly cup-shaped; segments 7-12 x 3-5 mm, pink or white, the inner narrowly elliptical, the outer narrowly obovate, acute to rounded at apex. Stamens included; filaments c. 5 mm, subulate, simple; anthers yellow. Capsule 4 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=16, 32
Distributional range: S. Europe

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Bl Co Cr Cy Eg Ga Gr Hs IJ It Ju Li Lu Ma Sa Si Tn Tu(A E) [Br Ca Cz Md]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-0.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-1.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-2.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-3.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-4.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-5.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-6.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-7.
   Allium roseum   -   Image Code: ALLRO-8.

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