MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   24 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:
 


Index of Plant Families (10 families in this page)

Monocotyledon Water-plants
ALISMATACEAE
Water-plantain
CYMODOCEACEAE
Manatee-grass
HYDROCHARITACEAE
Tape Grass
JUNCAGINACEAE
Arrow-grass
PONTEDERIACEAE
Water-Hyacinth
POSIDONIACEAE
Posidonia
POTAMOGETONACEAE
Pondweed
RUPPIACEAE
Ditchgrass
TYPHACEAE
Cat-tail
ZOSTERACEAE
Eelgrass
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




ALISMATACEAE
Vent.
( Water-plantain Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs, usually perennial. Leaves alternate or basal, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, usually bracteate and verticillate in pedunculate umbels, racemes or panicles, occasionally long-pedunculate in leaf-axils. Sepals 3. Petals 3, usually larger than the sepals, often fugacious or deciduous. Stamens 3-numerous, with elongated filaments; anthers opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 3-numerous, spirally arranged or whorled, free or connate at the base; ovules 1-many; styles apical or subventral. Fruit a group of achenes, drupelets or follicles; seeds without endosperm; embryo horseshoe-shaped.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
With.

Main Synonym :
Alisma stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Sam.
Spear-leaved Water Plantain Biżbula tal-Ilma tal-werqa dejqa Mar-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Alisma major Gray
Water Plantain,
Greater Water Plantain,
Mad-dog weed
Biżbula tal-Ilma Mar-May Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Cosson

Main Synonym :
Alisma bourgaei (Coss.) Nyman
Mediterranean Starfruit Plantain Damażonju Mar-May Normal Profile
with
16
images.


CYMODOCEACEAE
N. Taylor
( Manatee-grass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Description text for this family is under progress and unavailable at the moment ...
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Asch.

Main Synonym :
Zostera mediterranea DC.
Lesser Neptune Grass Alka rqiqa,
Ċimodocja
Aug-Sep Normal Profile
with
0
images.


HYDROCHARITACEAE
Juss.
( Tape Grass Family )
Subfamalies: Hydrocharitoideae; Thalassoideae; Halophiloideae

Family Description: Submerged or floating aquatic herbs, sometimes marine. Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, sheathing at the base or with nodal scales. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, 1 or more together in spathes composed of 1 or 2 free or connate bracts. Sepals 3. Petals 3 or 0. Stamens 2-15, free or connate at the base, occasionally some staminodal; filaments elongated or absent; anthers 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits. Ovary syncarpous, inferior, often attenuated into a filiform beak. ovules on parietal, sometimes intruded placentas; styles 3-15 Fruit dehiscing irregularly or splitting stellately into valves; seeds without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Asch.

Main Synonym :
Zostera stipulacea Forssk.
Halophila seagrass Ħalofila All Year Normal Profile
with
2
images.


JUNCAGINACEAE
Rich.
( Arrow-grass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs; stems stout. Leaves basal, alternate, linear, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, ebracteate, in pedunculate racemes or spikes. Perianth of 2-6 sepaloid segments. Stamens 3 or 6, often adnate at the base to the perianth-segments; anthers sessile, 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 3 or 6, free or connate, each with 1 ovule; styles short or stigmas sessile. Fruit apocarpous or syncarpous, the fruitlets separating when ripe; seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Loisel.

Main Synonym :
Triglochin bulbosa subsp. barrelieri (Loisel) Rouy
Bulbous Arrowgrass Ħaxixa tal-baħar tar-rebbiegħa,
Triglokin tar-rebbiegħa,
Triklogin tal-melħ
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Triglochin bulbosa subsp. laxiflora (Guss.) Rouy
Lesser Arrowgrass,
Lax-flowered Bulbous Arrow-grass
Ħaxixa tal-baħar tal-ħarifa,
Triglokin tal-ħarifa
Sep-Nov Detailed Profile
with
39
images.


PONTEDERIACEAE
Kunth
( Water-Hyacinth Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Perennial, rhizomatous, aquatic herbs. Leaves petiolate. Inflorescence a spike or raceme, subtended by a spathe-like bract. Flowers hermaphrodite, more or less zygomorphic, usually ephemeral. Perianth-segments 6, petaloid, connate at least at the base. Stamens 3 or 6. Ovary superior, 3-locular, or 1-locular by abortion, 1- to many-seeded. Fruit a capsule, tightly invested by the persistent perianth.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Mart.) Solms

Main Synonym :
Pontedera crassipes Mart.
Water Hyacinth Wardet in-Nil Sep-Oct Normal Profile
with
4
images.


POSIDONIACEAE
(Kunth) Lotsy
( Posidonia Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Submerged, marine perennial herbs with creeping rhizomes. Leaves basal, alternate, linear, sheathing at the base. Inflorescence of 1 or more aggregated spikes borne on an elongated peduncle and subtended by leaf-like bracts. Flowers hermaphrodite or the uppermost with a reduced gynoecium, ebracteate. Perianth absent. Stamens 3; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpel 1, ovule 1. Fruit a berry; seeds without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Delile

Main Synonym :
Zostera oceanica L.
Posidonia,
Neptune Grass
Alka,
Posidonja
May-Jul Normal Profile
with
9
images.


POTAMOGETONACEAE
Dumort.
( Pondweed Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic herbs, submerged or with floating leaves, occasionally subterrestrial. Stems elongated. Leaves alternate or opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite, ebracteate, in pedunculate spikes. Perianth of 4 unguiculate, sepaloid segments. Stamens 4, adnate at the base to the perianth-segments; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels (1-)4, free or shortly connate at the base, 1-ovulate; styles usually short. Fruitlets drupaceous or achenial. Seeds without endosperm; embryo unciform or spiral (coiled more than 1 complete turn).
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Börner

Main Synonym :
Potamogeton helveticus W.Koch
Potamogeton pectinatus L.
Fennel Pondweed,
Ribbon weed,
Sago Pondweed
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
4
images.


RUPPIACEAE
Horan.
( Ditchgrass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Submerged, perennial herbs of saline water. Leaves narrowly linear, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite, small, ebracteate, in 2-flowered, pedunculate spikes; peduncles slender, often accrescent in fruit. Perianth absent. Stamens 2; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 4(-10), free, with 1 ovule, sessile in flower but usually becoming slender-stipitate in fruit. Fruitlets indehiscent; seeds without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Tineo

Main Synonym :
Ruppia aragonensis Loscos & J.Pardo
Lesser Tassel-Pondweed Ruppja tal-Għadira All year Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Ruppia brachypus J.Gay
Beaked Tassel Pondweed,
Widgeon-grass
Ruppja tas-salini All year Normal Profile
with
10
images.


TYPHACEAE
Juss.
( Cat-tail Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Monoecious. Flowers usually surrounded by hairs or scales (sometimes interpreted as perianth-segments), in 2 dense, superposed, cylindrical, spike-like partial inflorescences, the female below, the male above. Male flowers with simple or forked hairs or linear-lanceolate scales, or naked; stamens in clusters of 1-3 (-8); filaments often irregularly united. Female flowers on branched stalks, with hairs and sometimes also with scales, the branches with sterile flowers. Ovary superior, 1-locular, on a hairy stalk; style persistent; ovule solitary. Fruit dry, usually dehiscent.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Sparganium ramosum Huds.
Branched Bur-Reed,
Simple-stem Bur-Reed
Maltese name not known Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Pers.

Main Synonym :
Typha brownii Kunth
Southern Bulrush,
Southern Cat-Tail,
Southern Reedmace
Buda Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
7
images.


ZOSTERACEAE
Dumort.
( Eelgrass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Perennial, submerged marine herbs. Rhizome creeping, with long internodes, bearing at each node 2 or more unbranched roots and a leaf with a short shoot in its axil. Short shoots with several distichous, linear leaves with compressed, sheathing bases. Flowering stems lateral or terminal. Inflorescence enclosed in the sheathing base of a spathe. Flowers with 1 dorsifixed, sessile stamen and 1 unilocular ovary with a style and 2 long, filiform stigmas, arranged alternately on the margin of the flattened axis; perianth absent. Pollen-grains filiform. Ovule 1.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Zostera stenophylla Raf.
Eelgrass Alka tas-salini,
Żostera
Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Hornem.

Main Synonym :
Zostera nodosa Guss.
Dwarf Eelgrass Alka tal-Pwales,
Żostera nana
Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with
1
images.

MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2022)