MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   24 Jun 2024      ()
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Index of Plant Families (11 families in this page)

MYRTALES, SAXIFRAGALES and ROSALES
CANNABACEAE
Hemp
CRASSULACEAE
Stonecrop
CYNOMORIACEAE
Cynomoriaceae
ELAEAGNACEAE
Oleaster
HALORAGACEAE
Water-milfoil
LYTHRACEAE
Loosestrife
MYRTACEAE
Myrtle
ONAGRACEAE
Evening Primrose
RHAMNACEAE
Buckthorn
ROSACEAE
Rose
SAXIFRAGACEAE
Saxifrage
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CANNABACEAE
Endl.
( Hemp Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs without latex. Usually dioecious. Male flowers pedicellate; perianth 5-partite; stamens erect in bud. Female flowers sessile; perianth undivided; fruit an achene enclosed in the persistent perianth.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Celtis eriocarpa Decne.
Southern Nettle Tree,
European Hackberry,
Lote Tree
Bagular Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
7
images.


CRASSULACEAE
DC.
( Stonecrop Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely small shrubs. Leaves undivided, exstipulate, more or less succulent. Flowers regular, usually in cymes, less often in spikes or racemes or solitary in the leaf-axils. Sepals 3 to c. 20, united or free; petals as many, united or free; stamens hypogynous or epipetalous, equal in number to the petals or, more frequently, twice as many. Carpels superior, equal in number to the petals, free or slightly connate at the base, developing into follicles. Scale-like nectaries usually present between the stamens and carpels.
1
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Webb & Berthel.

Main Synonym :
Sempervivum arboreum L.
Tree Houseleek,
Tree Aeonium,
Purple Aeonium
Kalluwa,
Siġret il-kalli
Dec-Feb Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Lest.-Garl.

Main Synonym :
Crassula muscosa Roth
Mossy Stonecrop,
Moss Pygmyweed
Maltese name not known Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Roth

Main Synonym :
Bulliarda vaillantii DC.
Narrow-leaved Mossy Stonecrop Maltese name not known Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
12
images.
Raym.-Hamet & H.Perrier

Main Synonym :
Bryophyllum daigremontianum A.Berger
Devil's Backbone,
Alligator's Plant,
Mexican Hat Plant
Denb il-Wiżgħa tat-toroq Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Eckl. & Zeyh.

Main Synonym :
Bryophyllum tubiflorum Harv.
Mother of Millions,
Mother of Thousands,
Chandelier plant
Denb il-Wiżgħa tal-ġonna Jan-Feb Normal Profile
with
3
images.
D.B.Ward

Main Synonym :
Kalanchoe daigremontiana × K. delagoensis
Houghton's Mother of Millions,
Houghton's Mother of Thousands
Denb il-Wiżgħa ta' Ħewton,
Denb il-Wiżgħa bagħal
Dec-Mar Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(Jacq.) Grulich

Main Synonym :
Sedum altissimum Poir.
Sedum sediforme (Jacq.) Pau
Mediterranean Stonecrop,
Pale Stonecrop
Sedum Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with
18
images.
(L.) Raf.

Main Synonym :
Sedum deltoideum Ten.
Sedum stellatum L.
Starry Stonecrop Maltese name not known Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Mifsud, R.Stephenson & Thiede

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Sedum album L.
Maltese White Stonecrop,
Cliff White Stonecrop
Beżżulet il-baqra bajda ta' Malta,
Beżżulet il-baqra tal-Irdum
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sedum heptapetalum Poir.
Azure Stonecrop,
Blue Stonecrop
Beżżulet il-baqra,
Beżżulet il-baqra kaħla
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
30
images.
(Cav.) DC.

Main Synonym :
Sedum rubrum Thell.
Broad-leaved Stonecrop Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sedum burnatii Briq.
Thick-leaved Stonecrop,
Corsican Stonecrop
Maltese name not known Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Sedum marichalii J.Lloyd ex Nyman
Coastal Stonecrop,
Sea Stonecrop
Beżżulet il-baqra safra,
Beżżuler il-baqra tal-xatt
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sedum ibicense Pau
Red Stonecrop Beżżulet il-baqra ħamra Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
17
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Umbilicus intermedium
Narrow Navelwort,
Pennywort
Żokret l-għaġuża Apr-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
(Salisb.) Dandy

Main Synonym :
Umbilicus vulgaris Batt. & Trab.
Wall Navelwort Żokret l-għaġuża tal-irdum Apr-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.


CYNOMORIACEAE
Lindl.
( Cynomoriaceae Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs without chlorophyll, parasitic on the roots of other plants. Flowers usually unisexual, in dense, spicate or capitate inflorescences. Fruit a small, 1-seeded nut; seed with abundant endosperm and minute embryo.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
General's Root,
Maltese Fungus
Għerq il-ġeneral,
Għerq sinjur,
Żobb l-Art
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.


ELAEAGNACEAE
Juss.
( Oleaster Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Trees or shrubs with peltate or stellate, scale-like hairs. Leaves entire. Flowers perigynous, apetalous. Hypanthium 2- or 4-lobed; lobes valvate; stamens as many as sepals and alternating with them, or twice as many; ovary superior, unilocular; ovule solitary, basal. Fruit drupe-like, the dry fruit being surrounded by the fleshy hypanthium.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Elaeagnus argentea Moench
Russian olive,
Persian olive,
Silver berry
Elanjus Apr-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.


HALORAGACEAE
R. Br.
( Water-milfoil Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs with exstipulate leaves. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual. Sepals 0, 2 or 4, small. Petals 0, 2 or 4, often caducous. Stamens 2, 4 or 8, epipetalous; anthers basifixed, 2-locular. Ovary inferior, 1- to 4-locular, with 1 pendent, anatropous ovule in each loculus; styles 1-4, usually short; stigmas feathery or coarsely papillose. Fruit a drupe, or a schizocarp separating into 1-seeded nutlets.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Myriophyllum pectinatum DC.
Whorl-leaf Water-milfoil,
Whorled Water-milfoil,
Green milfoil
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
8
images.


LYTHRACEAE
Jaume St.-Hil
( Loosestrife Family )
Subfamalies: Lythroideae; Punicoideae; Sonneratioideae; Duabangoideae; Trapoideae

Family Description: Herbs (non-European genera include trees and shrubs). Leaves simple, entire; stipules minute or absent. Flowers hermaphrodite, regular, perigynous, 4- to 6-merous, solitary or in small cymes or clusters in the leaf-axils, rarely in terminal spikes. Hypanthium pelviform to cylindrical. Epicalyx often present. Petals free, pink or purple, inserted on lip of hypanthium; sometimes 0. Stamens 2-12, inserted on tube of hypanthium. Ovary superior, 2- or 4-locular; style single; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule; seeds numerous.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Salicaria hyssopifolia Lam.
Grass-Poly,
Hyssop Loosestrife
Litrum tal-għadajjar Mar-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Banks ex Sol.

Main Synonym :
Lythrum graefferi Ten.
Creeping Loosestrife,
False Grass-Poly
Litrum tal-ilma Mar-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Punica nana L.
Pomegranate Rummiena May-Jun Normal Profile
with
15
images.


MYRTACEAE
Juss.
( Myrtle Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Evergreen trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, usually opposite, exstipulate, with aromatic oil-glands. Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic. Calyx and corolla 4- or 5-merous. Stamens numerous. Ovary inferior, syncarpous, with axile placentation; fruit a berry or capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Dehnh.

Main Synonym :
Eucalyptus acuminata Hook.
Red Gum Eucalyptus,
Red River Gum Eucalyptus
Ewkaliptus,
Siġra tal-Gammiem
Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
4
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Eucalyptus gomphocephala var. rhodoxylon Blakely & H.Steedman
Tuart Tree Ewkaliptus,
Siġra tal-Gammiem
Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
16
images.
F. Muell.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Blue Gum,
White Ironbark
Ewkaliptus,
Siġra tal-Gammiem
Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(Curtis) Dum.Cours.

Main Synonym :
Callistemon citrinus Skeels
Crimson Bottlebrush,
Lemon Bottlebrush
Maltese name not known Jun-Jul Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Myrtus latifolia Raf.
Common Myrtle,
Roman Myrtle
Riħan May-Jun Normal Profile
with
15
images.
(L.) Nyman

Main Synonym :
Myrtus tarentina (L.) Mill.
Tarentum Myrtle Riħan tal-werqa żgħira,
Riħan ta' l-Italja
May-Aug Normal Profile
with
8
images.


ONAGRACEAE
Juss.
( Evening Primrose Family )
Subfamalies: Ludwigioideae; Onagroideae

Family Description: Herbs or shrubs. Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic. Hypanthial tube ('calyx-tube') often present. Sepals 2, 4 or 5; petals 0, 2, 4 or 5. Stamens 2 or 4 in 1 whorl, or 8 or 10 in 2 whorls; pollen connected in masses by fine threads. Style 1; ovary inferior, 1-, 2-, 4- or 5-locular. Fruit a capsule, a berry or dry and indehiscent; seeds without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Schreb.) Schreb.

Main Synonym :
Epilobium molle Lam.
Hoary Willowherb,
Small-flowered Willowherb,
Order Willowherb
Maltese name not known Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(Michalet) H.Lév.

Main Synonym :
Epilobium adnatum Griseb.
Square-stalked Willowherb Epilobju Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
10
images.


RHAMNACEAE
Juss.
( Buckthorn Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, usually stipulate. Inflorescence cymose. Flowers perigynous. Calyx 4- to 5-lobed, lobes valvate in bud. Petals 4-5, often small and sometimes absent, inserted at mouth of the hypanthium and often hooded over the stamens. Stamens 4-5, alternating with the calyx-lobes; anthers versatile. Ovary superior, 2- to 4-locular; ovules solitary. Fruit often fleshy.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Rhamnus paliurus H.Karst.
Christ's Thorn Tree,
Jerusalem Thorn,
Garland Thorn
Xewk tal-kuruna ta' Kristu,
Xewk ta' Kristu
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rhamnus clusii Willd.
Mediterranean Buckthorn,
Italian Buckthorn,
Barren Privet
Alaternu Jan-Mar Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rhamnus lycoides subsp. oleoides (L.) Jahand. & Maire
Olive-leaved Buckthorn,
Lesser Buckthorn,
Persian Berries
Żiju Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
13
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Zizyphus sativa Gaertn.
Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) H.Karst.
Jujube,
Chinese Date
Żinżel May-Jun Normal Profile
with
17
images.


ROSACEAE
L.
( Rose Family )
Subfamalies: Rosoideae; Dryadoideae; Maloideae

Family Description: Trees, shrubs or herbs. Leaves usually alternate and stipulate. Flowers regular, usually hermaphrodite, perigynous or epigynous. Hypanthium flat, concave or tubular. Sepals usually 5, sometimes with epicalyx. Petals usually 5, free, sometimes absent. Stamens usually 2, 3 or 4 times as many as the sepals, sometimes 1-5 or indefinite. Carpels 1 to numerous, free or connate, sometimes adnate to the hypanthium. Ovules usually 2, sometimes 1 or more, anatropous. Styles free, rarely united. Fruit of one or more achenes, drupes or follicles, or a pome, the hypanthium sometimes becoming coloured and fleshy. Endosperm usually absent.
1
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Mespilus azarolus (L.) All.
Crete Hawthorn,
Azarole,
Mediterranean Hawthorn
Għanżalor Mar-May Normal Profile
with
20
images.
Jacq.

Main Synonym :
Crataegus oxyacantha Gand.
Common Hawthorn Żagħrun Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Gren. & Blanc

Main Synonym :
C. azarolus × C. monogyna
Hybrid Hawthorn,
Whithorn,
Single-seed Hawthorn
Żagħrun bagħal,
Żagħrun selvaġġ,
Għanżalor bagħal
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
17
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Cydonia vulgaris Pers.
Quince Sfarġel Mar-May Normal Profile
with
17
images.
(Thunb.) Lindl.

Main Synonym :
Mespilus japonica Thunb.
Loquat,
Japanese Plum
Naspli Nov-Feb Normal Profile
with
8
images.
(Suckow) Borkh.

Main Synonym :
Malus sylvestris subsp. mitis
Cultivated Apple Tuffieħ selvaġġ Mar-May Normal Profile
with
20
images.
(L.) Mill.

Main Synonym :
Malus communis subsp. sylvestris (L.) Gams
Crab Apple Tuffieħ Mar-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Mespilus sylvestris Delarbre
Medlar,
Mediterranean Medlar
Fomm il-lipp,
Naspli Ġermaniżi,
Omm il-Epp
May-Jun Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Tormentilla reptans L.
Creeping Cinquefoil Frawla selvaġġa Mar-Jun Normal Profile
with
11
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Sanguisorba vulgaris Hill
Sanguisorba minor Scop.
Salad Burnet,
Garden Burnet,
Burnet
Tursin il-għawl Mar-May Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Thunb.

Main Synonym :
Armeniaca vulgaris
Apricot Berquqa Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
Ehrh.

Main Synonym :
Prunus divaricata Ehrh.
Cherry Plum,
Myrobalan Plum,
Purple Leaf Plum
Għanbaqar Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
16
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Prunus acida Ehrh.
Dwarf Cherry,
Sour Cherry
Amarena Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Prunus communis Huds.
Plum,
European Plum
Pruna Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(Mill.) Rchb.

Main Synonym :
Prunus amygdalus Stokes
Almond,
Sweet Almond,
Bitter Almond
Lewża,
Siġra tal-Lewż
Dec-Feb Normal Profile
with
17
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Prunus domestica subsp. Insititia (L.) C.K.Schneid.
Bullace,
Wild Damson,
European Plum
Maltese name not known Mar-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cerasus mahaleb Mill.
Mahaleb Cherry,
Mahleb Cherry,
St. Lucia Cherry
Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Batsch

Main Synonym :
Persica vulgaris Lam.
Peach Ħawħa Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(Suckow) C.K.Schneid.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Nectarine Nuċiprisk Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Prunus acacia Crantz
Blackthorn,
Sloe
Prajn tax-xewk Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Vill.

Main Synonym :
Pyrus nivalis Lindl.
Almond-leaved Pear Lanġas selvaġġ Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pyrus sativa DC.
Common Pear,
Cultivated Pear
Lanġas Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
18
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Small Maltese June Pear Bambinella,
Lanġas tal-bambinella
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(L.) Boreau

Main Synonym :
Pyrus communis subsp. achras (Gaertn.) Asch. & Graebn.
Wild Pear Lanġas Bagħal Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Boiss.

Main Synonym :
Pyrus bovei Steud.
Syrian Pear Lanġas tal-Vant Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rosa prutensis Chrshan.
Dog Rose Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rosa crenulata Greene
Provence Rose,
French Rose,
Gallic Rose
Warda taż-żejt Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rosa eglanteria L.
Sweet Briar,
Eglantine
Warda tal-weraq ifuħ May-Jun Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Rosa sylvestris Rchb.
Evergreen Rose Girlanda tal-wied,
Warda selvaġġa
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
14
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Selnorition cesius Raf.
Dewberry,
European Dewberry
Maltese name not known Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Schott

Main Synonym :
Rubus rusticanus Mercier
Bramble,
Elm-leaved Blackberry
Għollieq Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
15
images.
Spach

Main Synonym :
Poterium spinosum L.
Thorny Burnet Tursin il-Għul Xewwiek Mar-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pyrus aucuparia (L.) Scop.
Rowan,
Mountain Ash,
European Rowan
Żorba Selvaġġa Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pyrus domestica (L.) Sm.
Service Tree Żorba Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.


SAXIFRAGACEAE
Juss.
( Saxifrage Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs, mostly perennial. Flowers 4- or 5-merous, usually in cymes (rarely solitary or in racemes). Petals usually 4 or 5; sometimes absent. Stamens twice as many as the sepals, or rarely equal in number or fewer. Carpels 2; united below but usually divergent above; styles free. Ovary superior, semi-inferior or almost inferior. Fruit a capsule. Seeds numerous.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Saxifraga barbuloides Lojac.
Rue-leaved Saxifrage Maltese name not known Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.

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