MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   27 Jan 2023      ()
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Rosa canina   (Dog Rose)


Rosa canina  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Rosa canina - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 27-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Rosa caninaL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 491 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Rosa prutensis Chrshan.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Dog Rose

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Doubtful origin. It is not yet established if this species is native or not.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – July

Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Rosa:
canina: from or related to Dog Valley, eastern of Sierra County in Nevada. Canina also means a dog, but seams there is no direct connection with the plant for both meanings. However, the common name of the plant is 'Dog-Rose'. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

It is unclear if Rosa canina is a native species. The specimen photographed here (from Malta) gives the impression that it is not native, though it is still difficult to cut any conclusion because it did not show any obvious signs of cultivation - for example, it was not in a public/private garden. For sure, it is a very rare and attractive plant.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Stems green; internodes long. Prickles stout, curved or hooked; flowering stems rarely unarmed. Leaflets 5-7, 15-40 x 12-20 mm, ovate, obovate or elliptical, serrate or compound-serrate, glabrous and eglandular, dark to glaucous green, shining or dull above; petiole and rhachis often with acicles. Pedicels 10-20 mm, as long as or longer than the fruit, glabrous. Sepals deflexed and caducous after anthesis. Petals 15-25(-30) mm, pink to white. Disc wide, with the orifice less than 1 mm in diameter. Styles usually not long-exserted, densely villous to glabrous. Fruit 10-20 mm, globose, ovoid or ellipsoid, glabrous, red.
Chromosome number: 2n=35
Distributional range: Europe northwards to c. 62° N.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except the Azores, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au(A) Be(B L) BH -Bl(M) Br Bu By dCa(C G P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Es Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu IJ It LS Lt Lu Ma dMd(M) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K S) Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Sl Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [La Lt]

Links & Further literature (3 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Rediscovery of a rare gall on Rosa sempervirens induced by Diplolepis eglanteriae (Hartig, 1840)(Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) in Malta Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
A preliminary survey and taxonomy of wild roses (Rosa spp.) occurring on the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
A preliminary survey and taxonomy of wild roses (Rosa spp.) occurring on the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud  (2016)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (0 images)

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