by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Sep 2023      ()
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Rubus ulmifolius   (Bramble)

Rubus ulmifolius  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Rubus ulmifolius - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 28-Sep-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Rubus ulmifoliusSchott
Published in Isis 1818: 821 (1818)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Rubus rusticanus Mercier
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Bramble, Elm-leaved Blackberry

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – October

Colour of Flowers:

Pink or Violet


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Stems robust, arching or procumbent, angled, often sulcate, pruinose, glabrous to tomentose with semi-appressed hairs; prickles robust, broad-based, patent to falcate, hairy. Leaves pedate, often very small; leaflets 3-5, dark green and glabrous above, white-tomentose beneath, convex, variously toothed, coriaceous; terminal leaflet ovate or suborbicular to obovate. Inflorescence often long and narrow, sometimes pyramidal, leafy at the base, with patent branches and long pedicels; all axes with robust, broad-based, patent to falcate, hairy prickles. Sepals deflexed after flowering, sometimes slightly aciculate, white-tomentose; petals crumpled, orbicular or ovate, sometimes jagged at the apex, pink or occasionally white; stamens white or pink, equalling or just exceeding the green, pink or white styles; anthers glabrous; pollen completely fertile; carpels hairy, often tomentose.
Chromosome number: 2n=14
Distributional range: S., W. & C. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Ag -Al ?Au dAz(C F G J L M P S T) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br dCa(C G H P T) Co -Cr -Cs Ct Ga(C F) Ge Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) It -Le ?Li Lu Ma dMd(D M P) Mk Sa Si(M S) -Sk Sl -Sr Tn -Tu(E) -Uk [Da]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (15 images)
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-0.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-1.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-2.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-3.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-4.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-5.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-6.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-7.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-8.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-9.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-10.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-11.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-12.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-13.
   Rubus ulmifolius   -   Image Code: RUBUL-14.

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