by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Malus domestica   (Cultivated Apple)

Malus domestica  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Malus domestica - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Malus domestica(Suckow) Borkh.
Published in Handb. Forstbot. 2: 1272 (1803)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Malus sylvestris subsp. mitis
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cultivated Apple

Maltese name(s) :

Tuffieħ selvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Often escaping and occasionally naturalized.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Unarmed small to medium-sized tree; twigs tomentose. Leaves 4-13 x 3-7 cm, ovate-elliptical, serrate, with rounded, rarely cordate base, slightly tomentose above and densely tomentose beneath. Fruit more than 5 cm, varying in colour, sweet or acid, much longer than pedicel.
Distributional range: Cultivated for its fruit almost throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[cAg cAl cAu(A) cAz(S) cBe cBl cBr cBu Cg Co cCr cCs cCt cCy cDa Es Fe cGa Ge cGr cHb(E) cHe cHo cHs Hs(S) cHu cIt La cLe cLi cLS Lt cLu Ma cMd(M P) cMo cNo cPo cRf(C E NW S) cRm cSa cSi(M S) cSk Sl cSr Su Tn cTu(A E) Uk cUk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (20 images)
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-0.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-1.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-2.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-3.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-4.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-5.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-6.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-7.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-8.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-9.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-10.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-11.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-12.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-13.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-14.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-15.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-16.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-17.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-18.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-19.

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