by Stephen Mifsud
   4 Oct 2023      ()
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Prunus cerasifera   (Cherry Plum)

Prunus cerasifera  (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Prunus cerasifera - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 04-Oct-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Prunus cerasiferaEhrh.
Published in Beitr. Naturk.4 : 17 (1789)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Prunus divaricata Ehrh.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, Purple Leaf Plum

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – April

Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Shrub or tree up to 8 m, with numerous intricate, fine, sometimes spiny branches; young twigs glabrous and glossy. Leaves 4-7 x 2-3.5 cm, oblong-obovate, cuneate at the base, regularly crenate or appressed-serrate, glabrous and glossy above, pubescent on the veins beneath. Flowers mostly solitary, appearing with or slightly before the leaves; pedicel c. 15 mm, glabrous; petals 8-10 mm, usually white. Fruit 20-30 mm, globose, glabrous, red or yellow; endocarp subglobose, keeled, smooth.
Distributional range: Balkan peninsula Krym planted elsewhere for its fruit or for hedges and locally naturalized.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, ex-Jugoslavia, Russia and former USSR, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Denmark, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Romania
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab AE(G) Al Ar Bu Ct Gg Gr Ir dIt Le Mk Rf(CS) Sr Tu(A E) Uk(K) [cAg Au(A) Br Cs Da Ga(C) Ge Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(S) Hu It cLi Lt Lu cMa Mo cNo cPo Rm Sk Su cTn]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (16 images)
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-0.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-1.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-2.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-3.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-4.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-5.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-6.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-7.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-8.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-9.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-10.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-11.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-12.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-13.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-14.
   Prunus cerasifera   -   Image Code: PRNCE-15.

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