Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs. Leaves simple, opposite or whorled, stipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, regular, hypogynous, 2- to 5-merous, solitary or in cymes. Sepals free or connate at base, as many as petals. Petals free, imbricate. Stamens as many or twice as many as petals. Ovary superior, 2- to 5-locular; styles free; ovules numerous; placentation axile. Fruit a septicidal capsule.
Family Description: Dioecious or monoecious herbs or shrubs, often with latex. Leaves usually alternate, simple; usually stipulate. Flowers usually actinomorphic, often apetalous and sometimes without sepals. Male flowers with one to many stamens with free or connate filaments. Female flowers with a usually 3-locular superior ovary and 3 styles; disc usually present, annular, pulvinate or cyathiform; ovules 1-2 in each loculus. Fruit a capsule, often dehiscing explosively; seeds often carunculate.
HYPERICACEAE Juss. ( Saint John's Wort Family ) Conservative synonym: Guttiferae
Family Description: Shrubs or herbs, with translucent glands containing essential oils and sometimes red or black glands containing hypericin. Leaves simple, opposite, or rarely in whorls of 3-4. Flowers actinomorphic. Sepals imbricate in bud. Petals free, contorted in bud. Stamens in fascicles or apparently indefinite. Ovary superior. Placentation axile or parietal. Seeds without endosperm.
Wavy-leaved Saint John's Wort, Curled-leaved Saint John's Wort, Tangled Hypericum
Detailed Profile with 26 images.
LINACEAE S.F. Gray ( Flax Family )
Subfamalies: Linoideae; Hugonioideae
Family Description: Herbs or small shrubs. Leaves exstipulate, simple, entire. Inflorescence cymose. Flowers 4- or 5-merous, actinomorphic. Sepals free; petals usually free (sometimes joined at base); fertile stamens in one whorl, sometimes with a whorl of staminodes. Ovary superior, usually 8- or 10-celled. Styles usually free. Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds usually 1 in each loculus.
Family Description: Herbaceous or woody climbers with axillary tendrils. Leaves alternate, usually stipulate. Flowers perigynous, usually hermaphrodite, actinomorphic. Hypanthium cup-shaped. Sepals usually 5, free or connate at base, often petaloid. Petals 5, usually free. Corona inserted on the rim of the hypanthium, composed of 1-2 rows of long filaments, 1 row of short filaments and a membrane partially closing the hypanthium. Stamens usually 5, alternating with the petals. Ovary superior, often on a long gynophore, unilocular, with 3(-5) parietal placentae; ovules numerous; stigmas 3-5. Fruit a berry or loculicidal capsule.
Family Description: Dioecious. Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, very rarely opposite; stipules present. Flowers subtended by bracts and arranged in catkins; perianth absent; glands present, sometimes nectariferous. Male flowers with 2 to many stamens; filaments filiform, free or more or less united. Female flowers with 1 unilocular carpel with 2-4 parietal placentae; ovules numerous, ascending, anatropous. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by 2-4 valves. Seeds numerous, very small, each with a tuft of long hairs.
Family Description: Small shrubs or herbs. Leaves alternate, stipulate, usually undivided. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary. Sepals 5, persistent. Petals 5, free. Stamens 5, introrse, connivent round the ovary. Ovary superior, unilocular, with 3 placentas and numerous ovules. Fruit a 3-valved capsule. Seeds endospermic.