MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   4 Feb 2023      ()
External Links:
 


Linum usitatissimum   (Common Flax)


Linum usitatissimum  (LINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Linaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Linum usitatissimum - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 04-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Linum usitatissimumL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 277 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Linum humile Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Linaceae S.F. Gray (The Flax Family)
6 species from the Linaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Common Flax, Flaxseed

Maltese name(s) :

Kittien

Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien. Species that was introduced in Malta rather recently and normally it is short-lived or resticted to small populations for a short time, without becoming widespread or invasive.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

Blue

Toxicity:

May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :

Linum:
usitatissimum:

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Not known wild. Of uncertain origin, perhaps derived from 23.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Often found cultivated in open fields and some escapees in field margins or valley sides which do not persist for long.
Botanical Description: Annual; robust stems 16-70 cm, unbranched or sparsely branched, slender, ascending or erect. Leaves 1.5-3 mm wide, linear or linear-lanceolate, acuminate, 3-veined. Sepals 6-9 mm, subequal, ovate-acuminate, with a conspicuous midvein; margin of inner sepals scarious and ciliate, margin of outer sepals entire. Petals 2-3 times as long as sepals, blue. Stigmas linear. Capsule 6-9 mm, subglobose; beak c. 1 mm, acuminate. Homostylous.
Distributional range: Formerly cultivated throughout most of Europe for the fibre (flax) and oil from the seed (linseed ) now much less commonly grown, especially in the west, but still recorded as a casual throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
NO DATA
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Bl(N) Ct dHb(E) Hs(S) dTu(A) [Ab(A) AE aAg aAl Ar Au(A) ?Au(L) aAz(F) BH Bl(I M) nBl(N) nBr Bu By aCa Ca(C G L P T) aCg aCo Cr aCs Ct Cy aEg Es nGa(C) Ga(F) Ge nGg Gg(A G) nGr nHb Hb(E N) Hs nHs(A S) cHu IJ aIr aIs nIt La aLi LS Lt nLu aMa aMd Md(M) Mk Mo No aPo Rf(C E K NW S) cRf(N) aRm nSa nSi(S) cSk Sl Sr nTcs aTn Tu(A E) Uk(U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (14 images)
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-0.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-1.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-2.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-3.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-4.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-5.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-6.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-7.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-8.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-9.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-10.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-11.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-12.
   Linum usitatissimum   -   Image Code: LNMUS-13.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: info@maltawildplants.com as email address to send your donation   Online Donation


$int_menu2[8]
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   20 + 5 =     This website is about
          




MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2022)