by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Nov 2021      ()
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Elatine gussonei   (Maltese Waterwort)

Elatine gussonei  (ELATINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
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Profile Date Feb-2008 (taxon update: 14-Aug-2017)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2021) Elatine gussonei profile created on Feb-2008. Retrieved from on 29-Nov-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Elatine gussonei(Sommier) Brullo; Lanfranco; Pavone & Ronsisvalle
Published in G. Moesz, Magyar Bot. Lapok 7: 1–34 (1908).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Elatine hydropiper var. gussonei
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Elatinaceae Dumortier (The Elatine Family)
1 species from the Elatinaceae family is recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Maltese Waterwort, Maltese Elatine, Pelagian Elatine

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Subendemic. Found in Malta and neighbouring territories such as in Sicily, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, and other islands.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HYDROPHYTE ( living only or mostly in water )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

February – March

Colour of Flowers:


Name Derivation :

Elatine: Ancient Greek name for some aquatic creeping plants. (Greek origin )
gussonei: Named after the botanist Giovanni Gussone from Naples, Italy (1787-1866). ( )

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: All species grow in shallow, usually still water, on wet mud or sand, or in seasonally flooded places.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Temporary Winter-Spring rain-water rock pools in garigue or steppe.
Botanical Description: Herbs of wet places. Leaves entire. Sepals 3 or 4, membranous, obtuse, connate at base. Petals 3 or 4, membranous, patent in terrestrial plants, closely investing ovary or occasionally absent in aquatic plants. Capsule more or less globose. Seeds straight or curved.
Distributional range: (Mason loc. cit.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Si(M S)

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Chromosome number of Elatine gussonei (Sommier)Brullo (Elatinaceae) and its distribution on the Maltese islands Anna Kalinka1, Stephen Mifsud, Agnieszka Popiela & Magdalena Achrem  (2016)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (20 images)
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-0.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-1.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-2.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-3.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-4.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-5.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-6.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-7.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-8.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-9.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-10.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-11.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-12.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-13.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-14.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-15.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-16.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-17.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-18.
   Elatine gussonei   -   Image Code: ELTGS-19.

Buy Seeds and Docs
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Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
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