Euphorbiaceae Juss. (The Spurge Family) 30 species from the Euphorbiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.
English name(s) :
Maltese name(s) :
Status for Malta :
Persisting Alien. Introduced species for horticulture (flowering plants) or agriculture (herbs or fruiting trees)
usually within the last 2 centuries and persist after their original location or site is abandoned.
They do not widespread but usually remain as a single tree or a very localised population.
Very Common Common Frequent Scarce Rare Very rare Extinct
Growth form :
Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon
Legal Protection :
Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)
Red List (1989) :
Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands
Flowering Time :
May – June
Colour of Flowers:
May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes
Name Derivation :
Euphorbia: Named for Euphorbus, a Greek physician to Juba II - King of Mauretania of Numibia (52-50 BC - 23 AD), who might have used a certain plant in allusion to his swollen belly, possibly the plant Euphorbia resinifera. (Further info: [link]). Euphorbus can have also been derived from 'Eu-' = good or true and '-phorbe' = pasture or fodder, thus giving the meaning well-fed or provides a fat-belly from consumption. (Greek origin )
Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta:
Cultivated in gardens, field margins, farmhouses and other rural areas where it remains alive when abandoned and can reach into large examples. Does not form any significant population and have not been seen naturalising.
tem: form in section transverse ; indumentum . Leaf: type and position of the stipule ; phylotaxy ; margin of the leaf ; venation of the leaf . Inflorescence: colour of the bract(s) of the cyathium ; position of the cyathium ; disposition of the cyathium ; shape of the involucre ; indumentum of the involucre ; number of the gland(s) of the cyathium ; shape of the gland(s) of the cyathium ; appendix of the gland(s) of the cyathium ; type of the appendix of the gland(s) of the cyathium . Flower: pseudo perianth of the flower female ; indumentum of the ovary ; division of the style . Fruit: indumentum . Seed: caruncule .
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local
studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.
Species Images (6 images)
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-0.
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-1.
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-2.
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-3.
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-4.
Euphorbia ingens - Image Code: EUPIN-5.
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