MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   3 Mar 2024      ()
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Index of Plant Families (6 families in this page)

APIALES (Umbellifers) and ERICALES
APIACEAE
Carrot
ARALIACEAE
Aralia
EBENACEAE
Ebony
ERICACEAE
Heath
PITTOSPORACEAE
Pittosporum
PRIMULACEAE
Primrose
[ First Page ][ Prev Page ] [ Species Index ] [ Family Index ] [ A-Z Index ][ Next Page ] [ Last Page ]




APIACEAE
Lindl.
( Carrot Family )
Conservative synonym: Umbelliferea
Subfamalies: Mackinlayoideae; Azorelloideae; Saniculoideae; Apioideae;

Family Description: Herbs, rarely shrubs. Leaves alternate; lamina usually large and much-divided; petiole often inflated and sheathing at base. Stipules absent, except in Subfam. Hydrocotyloideae. Inflorescence usually a compound umbel. Flowers epigynous, small, hermaphrodite or unisexual, the plant rarely dioecious. Sepals usually small or absent; petals 5, usually more or less 3-lobed, the middle lobe inflexed; outer petals sometimes much larger than inner (radiate); stamens 5; carpels (1-)2, usually attached to a central axis (carpophore), from which the mericarps separate at maturity; styles (1-)2, often with a thickened base (stylopodium); ovule 1 in each loculus, pendent. Fruit dry; pericarp membranous or exocarp variously indurated; endocarp rarely woody (Subfam. Hydrocotyloideae). Mericarps usually joined by a narrow or wide commissure; each mericarp more or less compressed laterally or dorsally, with 5 longitudinal veins, usually with ridges over them, separated by valleculae or sometimes with 4 secondary ridges alternating with the primary; resin canals (vittae) usually present between the primary ridges and on the commissural face.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Ammi topalii Beauverd
Bullwort,
Falsre Bishop's Weed,
False Queen Anne's Lace
Dakra Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(Brot.) Breistr.

Main Synonym :
Seseli pusillum Brot
Small Bullwort Dakra żgħira Mar-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Apium dulce Mill.
Wild Celery,
Marsh Parsley,
Smallage
Karfus Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with
17
images.
(L.) Lag.

Main Synonym :
Helosciadium nodiflorum (L.) W. D. J. Koch
Fool's Water Cress,
Procumbent Marshwort
Karfus tal-ilma,
Xaħmet il-Ġwieri
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
M.Bieb.

Main Synonym :
Coriandrum radians (M.Bieb.) Prantl
Mediterranean Bifora,
European Bishop plant
Kosbor selvaġġ,
Sorm il-patri
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Hornem.

Main Synonym :
Bupleurum heterophyllum Link
Spear-leaved Hare's Ear,
Lance-leaved Thorow wax
Widnet il-fenek Apr-May Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Bupleurum glaucum Robill. & Castagne ex DC.
Grey Hare's Ear Maltese name not known Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Coriandrum maculatum Roth
Hemlock,
Poison Hemlock,
Devil's bread
Ċikuta Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Selinum coriandrum E.H.L.Krause
Coriander,
Chinese Parsley
Kosbor Apr-May Normal Profile
with
8
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Cachrys maritima Spreng.
Rock Samphire,
Sea Samphire,
Sea Fennel
Bużbież il-baħar Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
7
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Daucus foliosus Gussone
Wild Carrot,
Queen Anne's Lace
Zunnarija salvaġġa,
Karrotti salvaġġ,
Bejt id-Durrajs
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
18
images.
(Hoffm.) Arcang.

Main Synonym :
Daucus sativus (Hoffm.) Röhl. ex Pass.
Carrot Zunnarija,
Karrotti
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
1
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota subsp. drepanensis (Arcang.) Heywood
Sea Carrot Zunnarija tal-baħar May-Jul Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Tineo

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota var. lopadusanus (Tineo) Onno
Lampedusa Carrot Zunnarija ta' Lampedusa May-Jul Normal Profile
with
10
images.
Ball

Main Synonym :
Caucalis pumila L.
Pseudorlaya pumila Grande
Small Carrot,
Dwarf Carrot
Zunnarija tar-ramel Apr-May Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Guss.

Main Synonym :
Daucus carota subsp. rupestris (Guss.) Heywood
Cliff Carrot Zunnarija tal-blat May-Jul Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Selinum spinosum E.H.L.Krause
Prickly Parsnip,
Echinophora,
Spiny Echinophora
Bużbież xewwieki tar-ramel,
Ekinofora
Jun-Sep Normal Profile
with
13
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Eryngium marinum Garsault
Sea Holly,
Seaside Eryngo
Xewk ir-ramel Jun-Oct Normal Profile
with
9
images.
Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Giusso, Salmeri & Bacch.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Ferula communis L.
Maltese Giant Fennel Ferla ta' Malta Mar-May Normal Profile
with
24
images.
(C.Presl) Bég.

Main Synonym :
Foeniculum piperitum (Ucria) Sweet
Bitter Fennel Bużbież salvaġġ May-Oct Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Foeniculum dulce Mill.
Fennel,
Sweet Fennel,
Finnochio
Bużbież May-Oct Normal Profile
with
11
images.
Lowe

Main Synonym :
Capnophyllum peregrinum Lange
Common name unknown Krubera Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
DC.

Main Synonym :
Sium siculum L.
Kundmannia Kudmannja ta' Sqallija Apr-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Globocarpus oenanthoides Caruel
Round-headed Water Dropwort,
Mediterranean Water Dropwort
Karfus il-wied Mar-May Normal Profile
with
13
images.
(Mill.) Fuss

Main Synonym :
Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.
Petroselinum sativum Hoffmannsegg
Wild Parsley Tursin Apr-Oct Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Anisum officinale DC.
Anise Anisi,
Ħlewwa
Apr-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Anisum italicum Raf.
Southern Burnet Saxifrage Sensiela Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
7
images.
Moris

Main Synonym :
Meum segetum Guss.
False fennel,
Corn parsley,
False caraway
Bużbież il-qamħ,
Bużbież tal-għelieqi
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
15
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Pecten veneris Lam.
Shepherd's needle,
Venus' comb,
Stork's needle
Maxxita,
Moxtija
Mar-may Normal Profile
with
12
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Smyrnium vulgare Gray
Alexanders,
Horse parsley
Karfus il-ħmir Mar-May Normal Profile
with
6
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Condylocarpus apulus Hoffm.
Mediterranean Hartwort,
Roman Pimpernel
Ħaxixet it-trieraħ,
Ħaxix it-trieraħ
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(Huds.) Link

Main Synonym :
Caucalis arvensis Huds.
Spreading Hedge Parsley Tursin selvaġġ Mar-May Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) Gaertn.

Main Synonym :
Caucalis nodiflora Lam.
Knotted Hedge Parsley Tursin xewwieki Apr-May Normal Profile
with
14
images.
Gaertn.

Main Synonym :
Daucus visnaga L.
Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.
Toothpick-plant,
Tooth Pickweed,
Bishop's Weed
Busnaga,
Visnaga
Apr-Jun Normal Profile
with
0
images.


ARALIACEAE
Juss.
( Aralia Family )
Subfamalies: Aralioideae; Hydrocotyloideae

Family Description: Shrubs or woody climbers; leaves alternate. Flowers actinomorphic, small. Calyx small or rudimentary; petals 5, free; stamens 5; ovary inferior. Fruit a berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Hedera communis Gray
Ivy,
English Ivy
Liedna Sep-Nov Normal Profile
with
16
images.
R.Vig.

Main Synonym :
Schefflera eurhyncha R.Vig.
Schefflera Xefflera None Normal Profile
with
6
images.


EBENACEAE
Gurke
( Ebony Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Trees or shrubs; usually dioecious. Leaves simple, exstipulate, usually alternate. Flowers actinomorphic, usually 4- to 5- merous. Calyx often accrescent in fruit. Corolla sympetalous, urceolate-campanulate; lobes contorted. Male flowers with 14-24 stamens; female flowers with 8 staminodes. Ovary superior, 4- to 12- locular, with axile placentae. Fruit a large berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.f.

Main Synonym :
Diospyros chinensis Blume
Kaki,
Japanese Persimmon,
Oriental Persimmon
Siġra tal-Kaaki May-Jun Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Dactylus trapezuntinus Forssk.
Date-Plum,
Lotus Persimmon,
Lotus Tree
Maltese name not known May-Jul Normal Profile
with
3
images.


ERICACEAE
Juss.
( Heath Family )
Subfamalies: Enkianthoideae; Pyroloideae; Monotropoideae; Arbutoideae; Cassiopoideae; Ericoideae; Harrimanelloideae; Styphelioideae; Vaccinioideae

Family Description: Dwarf shrubs to small trees; leaves simple, exstipulate, usually evergreen. Flowers actinomorphic (rarely slightly zygomorphic), in racemes or umbels, or solitary or in clusters in the leaf-axils. Petals usually connate. Stamens twice as many as petals (rarely fewer), inserted on the receptacle or disc, but sometimes adnate to the extreme base of the corolla and falling with it; anthers usually opening by pores; pollen grains usually in tetrads. Ovary superior (rarely inferior); placentation axile; style single. Fruit a capsule, berry or drupe.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Arbutus pavarii Pamp.
Strawberry Tree,
Arbutus
Imbrijagla Dec-Feb Normal Profile
with
5
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Erica dianthera Moench
Mediterranean Heath,
Mediterranean Heather
Erika,
Issopu,
Leħjet ix-xiħ
Dec-Mar Detailed Profile
with
39
images.


PITTOSPORACEAE
R. Br.
( Pittosporum Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, usually entire, alternate, exstipulate. Flowers regular, usually hermaphrodite, solitary or in cymes. Sepals 5, imbricate; petals 5, imbricate, often connate by the claws; limb recurved or patent. Stamens 5, hypogynous, free. Ovary superior, with 2, rarely 3-5 carpels. Fruit a capsule or berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
W.T.Aiton

Main Synonym :
Euonymus tobira Thunb.
Japanese Mock Orange,
Shrubby Putterlick,
Japanese Cheesewood
Pittosporum Jun-Aug Normal Profile
with
15
images.


PRIMULACEAE
Vent.
( Primrose Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Herbs, rarely dwarf shrubs. Leaves exstipulate, usually simple. Flowers 5(to 7)-merous, actinomorphic (rarely zygomorphic), sympetalous. Stamens epipetalous, opposite the corolla-lobes; staminodes sometimes present. Ovary 1-locular, superior (rarely semi-inferior), with 1-numerous ovules and basal, free-central placenta; style simple. Fruit a capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Mill.

Main Synonym :
Cyclamen latifolium Sm.
Persian cyclamen Ċiklamini tal-Lvant Apr-May Normal Profile
with
9
images.
(L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

Main Synonym :
Anagallis latifolia L.
Anagallis arvensis L.
Scarlet Pimpernel,
Red pimpernel,
Red chickweed
Ħarira ħamra Feb-May Normal Profile
with
20
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Samolus aquaticus Lam.
Brookweed,
Seaside Brookweed,
Water Pimpernel
Ħarira tal-ilma Mar-May Normal Profile
with
17
images.

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