by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Daucus rupestris   (Cliff Carrot)

Daucus rupestris  (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Daucus rupestris - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Daucus rupestrisGuss.
Published in Feddes Repert. 79: 68 (1968)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Daucus carota subsp. rupestris (Guss.) Heywood
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cliff Carrot

Maltese name(s) :

Zunnarija tal-blat

Status for Malta :

Subendemic. Found in Malta and neighbouring territories such as in Sicily, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, and other islands.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

May – July

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

The taxonomy of this species is debatable but recent studies are placing it in Daucus carota subsp. drepanensis. The type of this taxon is a small plant that differs to the plants found in Malta, which instead are very closely related to Daucus gingidium but somewhat are more hispid and have less glossy leaves, maybe they are an intermediate with D. carota s. s. Further investigations should be carried out on this species in relation with the other infraspecific taxa (related species) of D. carota.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Coastal areas and low maritime cliffs
Preferred habitat in Malta: Coastal areas and shores occurring inland up to 100–200m away from the shore, preferring cliffs and rocky escarpments and sides.
Botanical Description: Annual or biennial, variable in habit and branching; stems 10-40 cm, densely pubescent. Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate, pubescent-hispid, with linear to lanceolate segments, somewhat fleshy; upper cauline leaves often bract-like. Pinnae forming an acute angle with the rhachis. Umbels convex or only slightly contracted in fruit. Bracts as long as the rays or shorter, 1- to 2-pinnatisect; bracteoles of outer partial umbels 3-sect, those of the inner simple. Petals white to purplish, often with one or several flowers of the central umbel dark purple. Fruit 2-4 mm; spines on the secondary ridges not longer than the width of the mericarps.
Distributional range: Pelago-Maltese endemic

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Malta Lampedusa Lampesina
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
?Co ?Sa ?It Si(M S)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

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Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (13 images)
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-0.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-1.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-2.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-3.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-4.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-5.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-6.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-7.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-8.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-9.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-10.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-11.
   Daucus rupestris   -   Image Code: DAURU-12.

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