by Stephen Mifsud
   20 May 2024      ()
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Clinopodium nepeta   (Lesser Calamint)

Clinopodium nepeta  (LAMIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
Lamiaceae Index Plant Family Index
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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: Sep-2022)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Clinopodium nepeta - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from on 20-May-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Clinopodium nepeta(L.) Kuntze
Published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Melissa nepeta L.
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Calamuntha nepeta (L.) Savi
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Lamiaceae Lindl. (=Labiatae) (The Mint Family)
36 species from the Lamiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Lesser Calamint, Nepitella, Basil thyme

Maltese name(s) :

Kalaminta, Kammilta

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

October – April

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

nepeta: Alluding to the resemblance with plants of Nepeta (catmint) - another Genus in the mint family. The name may have connection with a type of ground ivy from Nepete, named for an Etruscan town which the plant was found in. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Vegetated calcareous rocky ground
Preferred habitat in Malta: Pre-desert scrub and high garigue. Frequently found in valleys sides and vegetated rocky places
Botanical Description: Sparsely to densely pubescent perennial 30-80 cm. Leaves 10-35(-45) x 8-25(-30) mm, broadly ovate, obtuse, subentire or shallowly to deeply crenate-serrate with up to 9 teeth on each side. Cymes 5- to 20-flowered; peduncle absent or up to 22 mm; secondary branches absent or up to 10 mm. Calyx 3-7 x 1-1.5(-2) mm, sparsely to densely puberulent or pubescent, the hairs in the, mouth exserted; upper teeth 0.5-1.5 mm, narrowly or broadly triangular; lower teeth 1-2 mm, puberulent, rarely with a few long cilia. Corolla (9-)10-15 mm, white or lilac.
Distributional range: S., W. & S.C. Europe, northwards to E. England.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Germany
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al Bl Bu Co Cr Ga Gr Hs It Ju Ma Rf(CS) Sa Si Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (51 images)
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-0.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-1.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-2.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-3.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-4.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-5.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-6.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-7.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-8.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-9.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-10.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-11.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-12.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-13.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-14.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-15.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-16.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-17.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-18.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-19.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-20.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-21.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-22.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-23.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-24.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-25.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-26.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-27.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-28.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-29.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-30.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-31.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-32.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-33.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-34.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-35.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-36.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-37.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-38.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-39.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-40.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-41.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-42.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-43.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-44.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-45.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-46.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-47.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-48.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-49.
   Clinopodium nepeta   -   Image Code: CLNNP-50.

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