by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
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Narcissus serotinus   (Late Narcissus)

Narcissus serotinus  (AMARYLLIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2004 (taxon update: Oct-2004)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Narcissus serotinus - datasheet created on Oct-2004. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Narcissus serotinusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 290 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Hermione serotina Haw.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family)
28 species from the Amaryllidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Late Narcissus, Autumn Narcissus

Maltese name(s) :

Narċis imwaħħar ta sitt qasmiet

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

September – November

Colour of Flowers:



Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Narcissus: To numb, stun or paralyze, referring to the narcotic properties of several plants in this genus. In Greek mythology Narcissus was an attractive youth who fell in love with his own image in water and pined away for it until he died and changed into the narcissus flower. (Greek origin )
serotinus: Matures or develops late, with reference to the flowering compared to other member species in the genus. Usually refers to its late-flowering period. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Most if not all records of Narcissus serotinus are misapplied and refer to the closely related Narcissus deficiens for its close resemblance. Records of the actual N. serotinus with a corona having 6 distinct flaps and attenuate perigone tube have exist and are rare, but perhaps pertinent molecular studies are required to shed new taxonomic light; also with regards to the hybridisations taking place between these species, N. tazetta and possibly N. elegans (see Mifsud & Caruana , 2010).

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Stony hillsides, garigue, steppe and other dry places
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garigue, steppe, rocky wasteland.
Botanical Description: Bulb 15-25 x 12-20 mm. Leaves 10-20 cm x 1 mm, cylindrical, somewhat glaucous, 1-2 on non-flowering bulbs, usually absent from a bulb which has flowered, appearing in spring. Scape 10-25 cm, slender. Flowers solitary, less often 2(-3), erect, fragrant. Spathe 15-35 mm, hyaline, tubular in lower half. Pedicel 7-20(-30) mm. Hypanthial tube 12-20 mm. Perianth-segments 10-16 x 3-7 mm, oblong-lanceolate, patent, white. Corona 1-1.5 x 3-4 mm, 6-lobed, bright yellow or greenish-yellow. Flowering in autumn.
Distributional range: Mediterranean region and S. Portugal

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Hs Lu Ma

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Records of Narcissus elegans (Fam. Amaryllidaceae) and notes on the wild narcissus in the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud and Emanuel Caruana  (2010)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (3 images)
   Narcissus serotinus   -   Image Code: NRCSE-0.
   Narcissus serotinus   -   Image Code: NRCSE-1.
   Narcissus serotinus   -   Image Code: NRCSE-2.

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