by Stephen Mifsud
   4 Feb 2023      ()
External Links:

Vitis vinifera   (Grape Vine)

Vitis vinifera  (VITACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Vitaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Vitis vinifera - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 04-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Vitis viniferaL.
Published in L. Sp. Pl. 202 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Vitis laciniosa L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Vitaceae Juss. (The Vine Family)
4 species from the Vitaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Grape Vine, European Grape

Maltese name(s) :

Dielja, Siġra tal-Għeneb

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – May

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive but some exception may be permitted by ERA (see ERA guidelines)

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Field margins, boulder scree, maquis, valley sides.
Botanical Description: Stems up to 35 m, climbing over trees, but in cultivation usually reduced by annual pruning to 1-3 m. Leaves 5-15 cm, orbicular in outline, cordate, usually palmately 5- to 7 lobed, irregularly toothed, glabrescent above, often with persistent tomentum beneath. Tendrils branched, normally occurring opposite 2 leaves out of every 3. Flowers numerous, in rather dense panicles, which replace the tendrils in the upper part of the stem. Calyx very shortly 5-lobed. Petals c. 5 mm, pale green. Seeds 2-3.
Distributional range: S. & S.C. Europe, extending northwards in large-scale cultivation to c. 52° N in S.W. Poland.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, Bulgaria, Corse, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Crete, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal, Poland, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A) BH Bu Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Ga(F) Ge Gg(A D G) Gr He Hs(S) Hu Ir It Li Ma Mk Mo Po Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [cAb(A N) nAg cAu(A) Az Be cBe(L) Bl cBl(M) cBu cBy nCa Ca(C F G L T) cCo cCr cCs cCt cGa(F) cGe Gr cHe cHo cHs(S) Hu cIr cIt cJo cLe cLt Lu nMa nMd Md(M) Mk Mo cPo cRf(C K S) Rf(E) cRm cSa Si(M S) Sk cSn cSr cSy nTn nTu(A) cTu(E) cUk(K)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-0.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-1.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-2.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-3.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-4.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-5.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-6.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   70 + 4 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)