MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Urtica urens   (Small Nettle)


Urtica urens  (URTICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Urtica urens - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Urtica urensL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 984 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Urtica parvula Blume
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Urticaceae Juss. (The Nettle Family)
7 species from the Urticaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Small Nettle, Annual Nettle

Maltese name(s) :

Ħurrieq żgħir

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

December – May

Colour of Flowers:

Inconspicuous

Toxicity:

May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :

Urtica:
urens:

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Mainly on cultivated or disturbed soil.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Wasteground, ruderal areas near arable land, field margins, abandone fields and farms, parks, gardens, and many similar sites with enough soil
Botanical Description: Annual 5-60(-80) cm, clear green; monoecious. Leaves 1-4(-6) cm, ovate, rounded to cuneate at base, usually deeply serrate; petiole as long as the lamina; stipules 4 at each node. Racemes not more than 2 cm, usually not longer than the subtending petiole, appearing as few-flowered axillary clusters, with numerous female and few male flowers, erecto-patent in fruit. Perianth-segments of female flowers ciliate on the margin, glabrous or sparsely hispid on the back.
Chromosome number: 2n=24, 26, 52
Distributional range: Throughout Europe, but doubtfully native in much of the north.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except the Azores, Faroe Islands, Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu By dCa(C F G H L P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir Is It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(E) Uk(K U) [aAz(M T) nPo]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (5 images)
   Urtica urens   -   Image Code: URTUR-0.
   Urtica urens   -   Image Code: URTUR-1.
   Urtica urens   -   Image Code: URTUR-2.
   Urtica urens   -   Image Code: URTUR-3.
   Urtica urens   -   Image Code: URTUR-4.

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