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   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Paspalum dilatatum   (Golden Crown Grass)


Paspalum dilatatum  (POACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Sep-2006 (taxon update: Sep-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Paspalum dilatatum - datasheet created on Sep-2006. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Paspalum dilatatumPoir.
Published in Poiret in Encycl. Méth. Bot. 5: 35 (1804)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) H.J.Coste
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Poaceae Barnhart (=Gramineae) (The Grass Family)
152 species from the Poaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Golden Crown Grass, Paspalum, Dallis Grass

Maltese name(s) :

Paspalum wiesgħa

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – August

Colour of Flowers:

Green or Brown

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Paspalum:
dilatatum: spread out. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Damp, shady places and waste ground.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Along watercourses and irrigated fields.
Botanical Description: Caespitose perennial; stems 40-180 cm, ascending. Inflorescence of (2-)3-5(-11) racemes on a common axis 2-20 cm; raceme 4-11 cm, with narrowly winged rhachis. Spikelets 2.8-3.8 mm, ovate, yellowish-green; upper glume sparsely hairy on the surface, more densely villous near the margin; lower lemma similar but glabrous.
Chromosome number: 2n=50
Distributional range: S.W. Europe and Italy.
Native region outside Europe: (Brazil to Argentina.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  the Azores, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Ab(A) Ag Ar Az(C F G J L M P S T) Ca(C P) nCa(T) nCg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga Gg Gr Hs IJ It nJu Lu Ma nMd(M) Rf(CS) Sa Si Sn Tu(A)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (0 images)

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