by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Veronica persica   (Common Field Speedwell)

Veronica persica  (PLANTAGINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Veronica persica - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Veronica persicaPoir.
Published in Méth. Bot. 8: 542 (1808)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Veronica buxbaumii Ten.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Plantaginaceae Juss. (The Plantain Family)
32 species from the Plantaginaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Common Field Speedwell, Persian Speedwell

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Data not available - casual or short-lived in the wild from accidental garden or agriculture escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

February – April

Colour of Flowers:

Blue or Violet


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated ground.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Pubescent. Stems (5)10-60 cm, procumbent. Leaves 5-25 mm, shortly petiolate, broadly ovate with more or less truncate base, mostly alternate but the lowest opposite. Flowers solitary in leaf-axils; pedicels 5-30 mm, recurved in fruit and much exceeding the subtending leaf. Calyx-segments (4-)6-7 mm, ovate-lanceolate, not or only slightly overlapping at base; corolla 8-12 mm in diameter, blue. Capsule 4-5 x 7-10 mm, 2-lobed, with very divergent lobes and wide, shallow sinus, strongly keeled, with eglandular hairs on sides and long glandular hairs on keel; style 2.5-3 mm, much exceeding the sinus. Seeds c. 1.75 x 1.25 mm, broadly elliptical, concave on one face.
Chromosome number: 2n=28
Distributional range: Naturalized almost throughout Europe.
Native region outside Europe: (S.W. Asia.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  All except Faroe Islands, Russia and former USSR, Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Ar Bl(M) By Cs Cy Eg Es Hs(S) Ir Jo La Le Lt Ma Mo Rf(C E K N NW S) Si(S) Sr Tu(A) [Au(A) dAz Az(F G J L M P S T) Ca(C G T) Co Ct Fe Ga(F) Ge Hb(E) He Is dLu Md(M) Po Rm Sk Sl Su Uk]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (6 images)
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-0.
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-1.
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-2.
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-3.
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-4.
   Veronica persica   -   Image Code: VRNPR-5.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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