by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
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Kickxia spuria   (Round leaved Fluellen)

Kickxia spuria  (PLANTAGINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
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Profile Date Sep-2005 (taxon update: Sep-2005)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Kickxia spuria - datasheet created on Sep-2005. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Kickxia spuria(L.) Dumort.
Published in Fl. Belg. 35 (1827)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Linaria spuria (L.) Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Plantaginaceae Juss. (The Plantain Family)
32 species from the Plantaginaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Round leaved Fluellen, Round-leaved Cancerwort, Blunt-leaved Fluellen

Maltese name(s) :

Xetbet l-art safra

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

June – September

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Violet


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Kickxia: Named for Jean Kickx (1775-1831), a professor of botany, pharmacy and mineralogy or perhaps for his son Jean Kickx (Jr.) (1803-1864) who was also a famous scientist. (Latin origin )
spuria: False or not being what it purports to be (hence spurious), previously used for the synonym plant name Antirrhinum spurium because the author reckoned that despite it was described as an Antirrhinum, it is likely in the wrong genus. Indeed later it was placed in its own genus - Kickxia. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated fields and other open habitats.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Valleys, arable land, field margins and lanes.
Botanical Description: Glandular-pubescent to -villous annual; stems 20-50 cm, decumbent. Leaves up to 7.5 cm, entire, or the lowest remotely denticulate, the lower broadly ovate, truncate or rounded at base, obtuse, the middle and upper ovate-lanceolate to suborbicular-cordate, mucronate; petiole very short. Pedicels 1-2 cm in flower, villous. Calyx-lobes accrescent, acute, more or less cordate at base in fruit. Corolla 10-15 mm, yellow, with deep purple upper lip; spur curved. Capsule depressed-globose. Seeds oblong-ellipsoid, alveolate.
Distributional range: S., W. & C. Europe, northwards to England, the Netherlands and S.W. Poland naturalized or casual further north.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Denmark
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az Be Bl Br Bu Co Cr Cs Cy Eg Ga(F) Ge Gr He Ho Hs(S) Hu Ir It Jo Le Lu ?Ma Md(M) Po Rm Sa Sg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Az(C F G J L M P S T) nCa(P) Ct Da]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (31 images)
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-0.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-1.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-2.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-3.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-4.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-5.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-6.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-7.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-8.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-9.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-10.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-11.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-12.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-13.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-14.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-15.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-16.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-17.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-18.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-19.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-20.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-21.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-22.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-23.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-24.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-25.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-26.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-27.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-28.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-29.
   Kickxia spuria   -   Image Code: KCXSP-30.

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