by Stephen Mifsud
   20 May 2024      ()
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Fagopyrum esculentum   (Buckwheat)

Fagopyrum esculentum  (POLYGONACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Aug-2022 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Fagopyrum esculentum - datasheet created on Aug-2022. Retrieved from on 20-May-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Fagopyrum esculentumMoench
Published in Methodus : 290 (1794)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Polygonum fagopyrum L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Polygonaceae Juss. (The Dock Family)
24 species from the Polygonaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :


Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

September – October

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Formerly extensively cultivated (but now considerably less so) as a grain crop
Preferred habitat in Malta: Tilled fields, usually seen end of summer before fields become cultivated or weedy.
Botanical Description: Plant 15-60(-100 cm), glabrous or puberulent, tinged with red at maturity. Leaves up to 7 × 6 cm, usually slightly longer than wide, entire or sinuate, dark green, the lower stalked, the upper sessile. Axillary panicles short and compact, on long peduncles. Perianth-segments 3-4 mm, greenish-white tipped with pink, or sometimes all pink. Nut 5-6 mm, dark brown, dull at maturity, with smooth faces and acute, entire angles.
Chromosome number: 2n=16, 32
Distributional range: Cultivated in most of Europe except Fennoscandia, and naturalized as a ruderal in several countries
Native region outside Europe: East and Central Asia

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Probably introduced in all countries except Crete, Faroe Islands, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Russia and former USSR, Svalbard archipelago, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[cAb nAl Ar cAu aAu(A L) nAz nBe aBe(B) nBl nBr aBu By Cg aCo aCs cCt aDa aEs aFe Ga(C) aGa(F) Ge Gr nHb Hb(E N) nHe nHo nHs(S) aHu nIt aLa Lt Lu Mo aNo nPo nRf(C) Rf(CS E N NW S) nRm cSa cSi Si(S) Sk Sl aSu aUk(K) Uk(U)]

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Contribution to the alien flora of the Maltese Islands: New records, observations on invasive species and taxonomic updates Stephen Mifsud  (2017)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (6 images)
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-0.
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-1.
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-2.
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-3.
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-4.
   Fagopyrum esculentum   -   Image Code: FGPES-5.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
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