It is believed that our population mostly consists of Papaver somniferum subsp. setigerum (sometimes found as P. setigerum), which is generally a smaller plant with smaller fruit capsules, and short britsles. The other subspecies is Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum (the cultivated Opium Poppy) and has a large fruit capsule and more glabrous.
Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe:
Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta:
Fields (esp. barley and wheat fields) disturbed grounds, waysides, and wasteground rich in soil.
With more or less densely setose indumentum, weakly glaucous. Upper leaves usually pinnatifid. Sepals with at least some setae. Filaments filiform or clavate, dark violet. Capsules always dehiscent.
Mainly W. Mediterranean region, where it is probably native.
Distributional map in Europe and the Mediterranean region (2018):
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