by Stephen Mifsud
   4 Feb 2023      ()
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Papaver rhoeas   (Red Poppy)

Papaver rhoeas  (PAPAVERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
Papaveraceae Index Plant Family Index
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Profile Date Mar-2003 (taxon update: Mar-2003)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Papaver rhoeas - datasheet created on Mar-2003. Retrieved from on 04-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Papaver rhoeasL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 507 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Papaver aegadicum Lojac.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Papaveraceae Juss. (The Poppy Family)
9 species from the Papaveraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Red Poppy, Corn Poppy, Field Poppy

Maltese name(s) :

Peprina ħamra

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – June

Colour of Flowers:



Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Papaver: Latin name for poppy, probably derived from the Latin pappa meaning food or milk, and hence with reference to the milky sap of plants belonging to this genus. (Latin origin )
rhoeas: having a bright red colour (for the flowers of many species in this genus). (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Fields, waysides, weedy waste-ground. Likes loamy soil rich in nutrients.
Botanical Description: Plant 10-60 cm, erect or ascending. Leaves pinnatifid to pinnatipartite. Terminal lobe of lateral leaves usually more than twice as long as wide; upper leaves sessile, 3-fid with larger middle than basal lobes. Pedicels patent- or (var. strigosum Boenn.) appressed-setose. Flower-buds patent- or appressed-setose. Petals 13-50 mm, red, with or without basal black or black and distally white spot. Anthers brown or rarely yellow. Capsule 0.5-1.6 x 0.4-1.4 cm, 1-2 times as long as wide, usually broadly obovoid, cylindrical or almost globose, sometimes shortly stipitate, usually more or less abruptly contracted at base. Disc usually wider than capsule, sometimes slightly umbonate, with 6-16 rays.
Chromosome number: 2n=14
Distributional range: Throughout most of Europe as a weed of cultivation and probably native in the south, but only as a casual in the north.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Russia and former USSR, Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) AE Ag Al Au(A L) Az(C F J M P S T) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C F G H L P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It Jo La Li LS Lt Lu Ma Md(M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Az(G L) Es aRf(N)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (36 images)
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-0.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-1.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-2.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-3.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-4.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-5.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-6.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-7.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-8.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-9.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-10.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-11.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-12.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-13.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-14.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-15.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-16.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-17.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-18.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-19.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-20.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-21.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-22.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-23.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-24.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-25.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-26.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-27.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-28.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-29.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-30.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-31.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-32.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-33.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-34.
   Papaver rhoeas   -   Image Code: PPVRH-35.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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