MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   6 Feb 2023      ()
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Glaucium flavum   (Yellow Horned Poppy)


Glaucium flavum  (PAPAVERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Glaucium flavum - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 06-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Glaucium flavumCrantz
Published in Stirp. Austr. 2: 133 (1763)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Glaucium luteum Crantz
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Papaveraceae Juss. (The Poppy Family)
9 species from the Papaveraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Yellow Horned Poppy

Maltese name(s) :

Peprin isfar

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – October

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Glaucium:
flavum: Pure yellow. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Sandy and gravelly seashores; also as a ruderal.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Sparsely pubescent biennial or perennial. Stems 30-90 cm. Basal leaves 15-35 cm, lyrate-pinnatifid; lower segments smaller and more or less entire, the upper coarsely dentate; cauline leaves smaller, ovate, lobed, amplexicaul. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary. Sepals more or less pubescent. Petals 3-4 cm, yellow, broadly obovate. Stamens yellow. Ovary tuberculate, at least towards apex. Capsule 10-30 cm, often curved, glabrous.
Chromosome number: 2n=12
Distributional range: Coasts of S. & W. Europe, northwards to S. Norway locally naturalized in C. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Denmark, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Norway, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Doubtful in Germany, Switzerland
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE Ag Al Be(B) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Da Eg Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E) Ho Hs(S) IJ It Li LS Lu Ma Mk No Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Ca(C F L P T) Cs]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (11 images)
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-0.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-1.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-2.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-3.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-4.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-5.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-6.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-7.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-8.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-9.
   Glaucium flavum   -   Image Code: GLAFV-10.

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