MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   27 Jan 2023      ()
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Chelidonium majus   (Greater Celandine)


Chelidonium majus  (PAPAVERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Chelidonium majus - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 27-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Chelidonium majusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 505 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Chelidonium laciniatum Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Papaveraceae Juss. (The Poppy Family)
9 species from the Papaveraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Greater Celandine

Maltese name(s) :

Ħaxixa tal-felul

Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien. Species that was introduced in Malta rather recently and normally it is short-lived or resticted to small populations for a short time, without becoming widespread or invasive.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE ( prostate plants with flowers close to the ground )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Chelidonium:
majus: Bigger, larger, greater, superior. This term was often given to plants which are larger or 'more important' compared to other species in the same genus (sometime referred as minor or lesser). (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Shady banks and walls.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Glaucous, sparsely pubescent perennial. Stems 30-90 cm. Leaves pinnate; leaflets 5-7, ovate to oblong, the terminal usually 3-lobed, the lateral often with a stipule-like lobe at base on lower side, all crenate or (var. laciniatum (Miller) Syme) deeply incised. Inflorescence an umbel of 2-6 flowers. Petals up to 1 cm, obovate, bright yellow. Stamens yellow; filaments expanded above. Capsule 3-5 cm, more or less straight, glabrous; aril white.
Chromosome number: 2n=12
Distributional range: Europe, except the extreme north, but in some districts only as an escape from gardens.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Crete, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, only as a naturalized alien in Ireland, and perhaps elsewhere
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az(C F G J L M P T) Be(B L) BH Bl(M N) Br Bu By Ca(H T) Cg Co -Cr Cs Ct Da Es Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It La Lt Lu Ma Mk Mo No Po Rf(C N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Su Tu(A E) Uk(K) [nHb]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-0.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-1.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-2.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-3.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-4.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-5.
   Chelidonium majus   -   Image Code: CDMMJ-6.

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