MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   29 Jan 2023      ()
External Links:
 


Oxalis pes-caprae   (Bermuda Buttercup)


Oxalis pes-caprae  (OXALIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Detailed species profile
Oxalidaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Mar-2003 (taxon update: Mar-2003)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Oxalis pes-caprae - datasheet created on Mar-2003. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Oxalis pes-capraeL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 434 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Oxalis lybica Viv.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Oxalidaceae R. Br. (The WoodSorrel Family)
4 species from the Oxalidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Bermuda Buttercup, Sour Sob, Cape Sorrel

Maltese name(s) :

Ħaxixa Ingliża, Qares

Status for Malta :

Invasive Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta any time after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World), and spreads rapidly to form large invasive populations to the detriment of native flora or ecosystems.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

December – April

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Oxalis: sour, acidic, or acrid-tasting, referring to the sour taste of the sap due to the high level of Oxalic acid that is present in most species, especially in the stems, leaves and roots. (Greek origin )
pes-caprae: having the shape of a foot of a goat (pes = foot; capra = goat) alluding to the shape of the leaflets. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive (see ERA guidelines)


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated ground and other open habitats.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Waysides, Wasteland, damp places, valleys, field tracks, stony walls, garigue and several other habitats.
Botanical Description: Sparsely pubescent, caespitose perennial, with a deeply-buried bulb, which emits an annual, ascending, subterranean stem bearing bulbils and a rosette of leaves at soil level. Petioles up to 20 cm; leaflets 8-20 x 12-30 mm, obcordate, deeply emarginate. Flowers infundibuliform (sometimes flore pleno), in umbellate cymes; petals 20-25 mm, yellow. Capsule short, rarely formed.
Distributional range: Extensively naturalized in the Mediterranean region and W. Europe.
Native region outside Europe: (South Africa.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[nAE AE(G) nAg nAl nAz(F G J L M P S T) Bl(I M N) nBr nCa Ca(C F G H L P T) nCo nCr aCs nCy nEg nGa(C F) Gg(A) nGr nHs Hs(G S) nIJ Ir nIt Jo nLi nLS nLu nMa nMd Md(M P) nSa nSi(M S) nSn nTn nTu(A)]

Links & Further literature (1 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Updates in the Flora of the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean) Stephen Mifsud  (2007)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (47 images)
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-0.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-1.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-2.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-3.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-4.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-5.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-6.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-7.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-8.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-9.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-10.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-11.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-12.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-13.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-14.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-15.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-16.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-17.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-18.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-19.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-20.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-21.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-22.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-23.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-24.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-25.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-26.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-27.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-28.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-29.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-30.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-31.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-32.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-33.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-34.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-35.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-36.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-37.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-38.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-39.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-40.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-41.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-42.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-43.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-44.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-45.
   Oxalis pes-caprae   -   Image Code: OXLPC-46.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: info@maltawildplants.com as email address to send your donation   Online Donation


$int_menu2[8]
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   10 + 5 =     This website is about
          




MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2022)