by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
External Links:

Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   (Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid)

Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana  (ORCHIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Orchidaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Mar-2006 (taxon update: Mar-2006)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana - datasheet created on Mar-2006. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana(Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Paulus & Gack
Published in Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 48: 199 (1995)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Ophrys vallesiana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Orchidaceae Juss. (The Orchid Family)
41 species from the Orchidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid

Maltese name(s) :

Dubbiena ta' Tuneż, Dubbiena tar-rebbiegħa

Status for Malta :

Subendemic. Found in Malta and neighbouring territories such as in Sicily, Lampedusa, Pantelleria, and other islands.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule VI of [S.L. 549.44] (strictly protected species)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – April

Colour of Flowers:

Brown or Dark


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Ophrys: Eyebrow, referring to the brown, furry edges found in the flowering lips of several. (Latin origin )
iricolor subsp. vallesiana: 1 = iricolor: rainbow, for having colourful patterns on the labellum (Latin); (2) vallesiana: for the french and brother botanists Vallés. (L origin );

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Grassland, garigue, rocky scrub; calcicole.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Garigue, steppe and sometimes open maquis.
Botanical Description: Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Bl Co Cr Cy Gr IJ Ju Li LS Lu Rm Sa Si Tn Tu(A E)

Links & Further literature (3 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Two hybrid orchids described from Malta: Ophrys ×tumentia nothosubsp. tumentia and Ophrys ×tumentia nothosubsp.sancti-martinii Stephen Mifsud  (2014)
Recent observations on Ophrys species and hybrids of the Maltese Archipelago Stephen Mifsud & Leslie Lewis  (2011)
Recent observations on the Ophrys of Malta and Gozo: an Addendum Stephen Mifsud & leslie Lewis  (2013)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (5 images)
   Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   -   Image Code: OPHVL-0.
Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana / Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid / Dubbiena ta' Tuneż
   Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   -   Image Code: OPHVL-1.
Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana / Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid / Dubbiena ta' Tuneż
   Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   -   Image Code: OPHVL-2.
Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana / Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid / Dubbiena ta' Tuneż
   Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   -   Image Code: OPHVL-3.
Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana / Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid / Dubbiena ta' Tuneż
   Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana   -   Image Code: OPHVL-4.
Ophrys iricolor subsp. vallesiana / Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid / Dubbiena ta' Tuneż

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   70 + 2 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)