by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Orobanche crenata   (Bean Broomrape)

Orobanche crenata  (OROBANCHE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Orobanche crenata - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Orobanche crenataForssk.
Published in Fl. Aegypt. 113 (1775)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Orobanche speciosa DC.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Orobanche Vent. (The Broomrape Family)
12 species from the Orobanche family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Bean Broomrape

Maltese name(s) :

Budebbus tal-ful

Status for Malta :

Doubtful origin. It is not yet established if this species is native or not.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Usually on leguminous crop-plants, rarely on other herbs.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Stems up to 50(-80) x 1.2 cm, slightly swollen at the base, sparsely villous, usually yellowish. Leaves 12-25 mm, linear-lanceolate, dense below, sparse above. Spike up to 20(-50) x 4 cm, dense above, often lax below, villous; bracts 15-25 mm linear- to ovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate; flowers fragrant. Calyx 10-20 mm; segments free, more or less bidentate. Corolla 20-30 mm, subglabrous, white, the lips often with lilac veins, erecto-patent, straight or slightly curved, campanulate; lips divergent, the lower with large, suborbicular lobes, not ciliate. Filaments hairy, inserted 2-4 mm above base of corolla; anthers glabrous. Stigma white, yellow or pinkish. Capsule 10-12 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=38
Distributional range: S. Europe a rare casual elsewhere.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Doubtful inAlbania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A N) AE(G) Ag Al Ar Az Bl(M N) Bu Ca dCa(C H L T) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) †Ga(M) Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Le Li Lu Ma dMd(M) Rf(CS) Sa Si(M S) Sl Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [nAz(L M T) nBr Es aGe]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (13 images)
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-0.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-1.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-2.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-3.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-4.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-5.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-6.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-7.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-8.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-9.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-10.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-11.
   Orobanche crenata   -   Image Code: ORBCR-12.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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