by Stephen Mifsud
   3 Mar 2024      ()
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Fraxinus angustifolia   (Narrow-leaved Ash)

Fraxinus angustifolia  (OLEACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Fraxinus angustifolia - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 03-Mar-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Fraxinus angustifoliaVahl
Published in Enum. Pl. 1: 52 (1804)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Fraxinus oxycarpa Willd.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Oleaceae Juss. (The Olive Family)
5 species from the Oleaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Narrow-leaved Ash

Maltese name(s) :

Fraxxnu, Siġra tal-Paċenzja

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule I of legal notice [S.L. 549.123] (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – April

Colour of Flowers:



May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :

angustifolia: Leaves that are narrow. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: River-banks, flood-plains and deciduous woods.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Tree up to 25 m, with grey bark, soon finely and deeply reticulate-fissured; twigs and petioles glabrous; buds dark brown. Leaflets 5-13, 30-90(-100) x 8-25(-30) mm, oblong- to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, cuneate and entire at the base, sessile or nearly so, the serrations usually as many as the lateral veins; rhachis glabrous. Leaflets of juvenile trees 7-15, 8-30 x 5-17 mm, obovate to ovate, obtuse to acute at the apex. Calyx and corolla absent. Samara 20-45(-50) x 6-10 mm, glabrous, the wing oblong-obcordate to lanceolate.
Distributional range: S. & E.C. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Au Bu Co Cz Ga Gr Hs Hu It Ju LS Lu Ma Sa Si Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Bl]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-0.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-1.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-2.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-3.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-4.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-5.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-6.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-7.
   Fraxinus angustifolia   -   Image Code: FRXAN-8.

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