by Stephen Mifsud
   4 Dec 2023      ()
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Maclura pomifera   (Osage Orange)

Maclura pomifera  (MORACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Sep-2008 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Maclura pomifera - datasheet created on Sep-2008. Retrieved from on 04-Dec-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Maclura pomifera(Raf.) C.K.Schneid.
Published in Illus. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 806 (1906)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Toxylon pomiferum Raf.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Moraceae Link (The Mulberry Family)
11 species from the Moraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Osage Orange

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Persisting Alien. Introduced species for horticulture (flowering plants) or agriculture (herbs or fruiting trees) usually within the last 2 centuries and persist after their original location or site is abandoned. They do not widespread but usually remain as a single tree or a very localised population.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

July – October

Colour of Flowers:



May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

A rather rare tree cultivated in few gardens. Despite the large inviting size, the fruit is slightly toxic and not edible. The hard, pale yellow wood produced from this tree has a better use than the fruit and for example is used to make wood handles of tools.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Ornamental tree found in very few localities where it can persist on site after being abandoned, although not seen to self-propagate
Botanical Description: Tree. Leaves 5-12 cm, ovate, acuminate. Syncarp 10-14 cm in diameter, subglobose, orange.
Distributional range: Cultivated as a hedge plant and for ornament, and locally naturalized in S. Europe.
Native region outside Europe: (North America.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Romania, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[cAr aAu(A) Ca(C) cCs cCt aHs(S) Hu aIt cJu cRf(S) Rm aSi(M) Si(S) cSk cTcs cUk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (11 images)
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-0.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-1.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-2.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-3.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-4.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-5.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-6.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-7.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-8.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-9.
   Maclura pomifera   -   Image Code: MCLPO-10.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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