by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Ficus lyrata   (Fiddle leaf fig)

Ficus lyrata  (MORACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Aug-2022 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ficus lyrata - datasheet created on Aug-2022. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ficus lyrataWarb.
Published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 172 (1894)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Ficus pandurata Sander
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Moraceae Link (The Mulberry Family)
11 species from the Moraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Fiddle leaf fig, Lyrate-leaf fig

Maltese name(s) :

Fikus tal-werqa mżaqqa, Fikus tal-werqa forma ta' kitarra

Status for Malta :

Persisting Alien. Introduced species for horticulture (flowering plants) or agriculture (herbs or fruiting trees) usually within the last 2 centuries and persist after their original location or site is abandoned. They do not widespread but usually remain as a single tree or a very localised population.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – June

Colour of Flowers:



Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive but some exception may be permitted by ERA (see ERA guidelines)

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Persisting in abandoned places where it was previously cultivated such as in fields or terraces. Sometimes found in parks or private outdoor gardens in cultivation.
Botanical Description: A large tree, that can reach up to 12 m tall in its native habitat, but often reduced in cultivated examples. Shoots minutely puberulous to glabrous. Leaves with a stout, 2-5 cm long, glabrous and grooved petiole; leaf-blade plastic-like, glabrous, fiddle-shaped, 15-25 x 12-18 cm in size, with about 10 ribs at the cordate base, margin sinuate-entire, with a nearly truncate or very shortly acuminate apex, with 4-5, bulging lateral veins; stipules narrowly triangular-lanceolate, 4-5 cm long, acuminate, glabrous, persistent. Flower clusters in axillary pairs, spherical, 2-5 cm in diameter, finely puberulous, apical orifice somewhat depressed, with two small lips closed by inward, lanceolate bracts. Male flowers with 2-3 ovate-lanceolate sepals and a solitary stamen. Female flowers with 3 ovate sepals 3 and a short style with a papillate stigma.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
" [aCa(T)]"

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (4 images)
   Ficus lyrata   -   Image Code: FCSLY-0.
   Ficus lyrata   -   Image Code: FCSLY-1.
   Ficus lyrata   -   Image Code: FCSLY-2.
   Ficus lyrata   -   Image Code: FCSLY-3.

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