by Stephen Mifsud
   31 Jan 2023      ()
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Ficus carica   (Fig tree)

Ficus carica  (MORACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ficus carica - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from on 31-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ficus caricaL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1059 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Ficus carica var. domestica Czern. & Rav.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Moraceae Link (The Mulberry Family)
11 species from the Moraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Fig tree, Capri fig, Common fig

Maltese name(s) :

Tina, Farkizzan, Bajtar ta' San Ġwann

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – June

Colour of Flowers:



May cause allergic reactions or irritation in contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: At or close to agricultural areas, scree below cliffs, valley sides and sheltered rocky areas.
Botanical Description: Spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves 10-20 cm long and wide, usually palmately lobed, usually cordate at base, scabrid, sparsely hispid beneath. Syncarp 5-8 cm, pyriform, greenish- or brownish-violet.
Chromosome number: 2n=26
Distributional range: Extensively cultivated and widely naturalized in S. Europe perhaps native in the southern parts of the C. and E. Mediterranean region.
Native region outside Europe: (S.W. Asia.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Switzerland, Hungary, Portugal, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) AE Ag Ar dBH Bl(I M N) Co Cr Ct Cy Ga Gg Gr dHs(G S) Ir It Jo Le dLi Ma Rf(CS) Sa Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(U) [nAl nAu(A) nAz(C F G J L M P S T) BH cBl nBr nBu dCa(C F G H L P T) Cg aCs Ct Eg nGa(C) Ga(F) nGe nHb Hb(E) nHe Ho nHu nJu nLu nMd(D M P) nMk cMo aPo nRm aSk Sl Sr nUk(K)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (4 images)
   Ficus carica   -   Image Code: FCSCA-0.
   Ficus carica   -   Image Code: FCSCA-1.
   Ficus carica   -   Image Code: FCSCA-2.
   Ficus carica   -   Image Code: FCSCA-3.

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Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
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