by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
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Acacia cyclops   (Western Coastal Wattle)

Acacia cyclops  (FABACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Acacia cyclops - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Acacia cyclopsA.Cunn. ex G.Don
Published in Gen. Syst. 2: 404 (1832)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Acacia eglandulosa DC.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Fabaceae Lindl. (The Pea Family)
9 species from the Fabaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Western Coastal Wattle, Red-eyed Wattle, Coastal Wattle

Maltese name(s) :

Akaċja tal-Għajn

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte ( high trees usually over 10 m high )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:



Mildy toxic, can cause adverse conditions if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Acacia: from ake or akis meaning a sharp point, with reference to the thorns of several species of this genus. (Greek origin )
cyclops: Gigantic, like the mythological Cyclops. (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Cannot be planted in the wild (rural areas) since the species may be invasive (see ERA guidelines)

Remarks :

Acacia species are highly invasive and planned to be eridicated from our islands by local authorities. Planting of such trees in now prohibited.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Naturalized on maritime cliffs
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Procumbent, caespitose shrub up to 3 m; bark brownish, fissured. Twigs glabrous. Phyllodes 3-8 x 0.4-1.8 cm, oblong-linear to oblanceolate, obtuse and mucronate, 3- to 6-veined. Capitula 4-6 mm in diameter, solitary or in groups of 2-3, shortly pedunculate. Flowers yellow. Legume 40-80 x 10-13 mm, compressed, undulate or twisted, scarcely constricted between the seeds, reddish-brown. Funicle encircling the seed in a double fold, scarlet.
Distributional range: Naturalized in Portugal and elsewhere in the Mediterranean region.
Native region outside Europe: Native to Western Australia

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Portugal
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (10 images)
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-0.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-1.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-2.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-3.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-4.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-5.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-6.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-7.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-8.
   Acacia cyclops   -   Image Code: ACCCY-9.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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