by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Juncus articulatus   (Jointed Rush)

Juncus articulatus  (JUNCACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Juncus articulatus - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Juncus articulatusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 327 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Juncus polycephalus D.Don ex Hook.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Juncaceae Juss. (The Rush Family)
9 species from the Juncaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Jointed Rush, Joint-leaf Rush

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Juncus: Latin name for the rush, possibly from 'jungere', = to join or bind, because the stems were used for binding material or weaved into nets or baskets. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Wet places.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Perennial, caespitose or with a creeping rhizome, rarely with submerged stems rooting and branching at the nodes. Stems 5-60 cm, rarely up to 100 cm and floating, erect or ascending, with 0-2 basal sheaths and 3-6 cauline leaves. Leaves unitubulose, perfectly septate, terete or somewhat laterally compressed. Inflorescence usually wide, with (1-)5-20(-80) heads; heads with 5-15(-30) flowers. Perianth-segments 2.5-3.5 mm, equal or unequal, ovate or rarely lanceolate; outer acute or rarely obtuse and mucronate; inner acute to obtuse, often mucronate. Stamens 6, 1/2-3/4 as long as the perianth; anthers 0.7-1 mm, equalling or longer than the filaments. Capsule 2.5-3.5(-4) mm, usually exceeding the perianth, trigonous-ovoid or rarely ellipsoid, acute or rarely obtuse, mucronate. Seeds 0.5-0.6 mm, ovoid, reticulate.
Chromosome number: 2n=80
Distributional range: Throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE(G) Ag Al Au Az Be Bl Br Bt Bu By Ca Co Cr Cy Cz Da Fa Fe Ga Ge Gr Hb He Ho Hs Hu IJ Is It Ju Li LS Lu Ma Md No Po Rf(C CS E N NW S) Rm Sa Si Su Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U)

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (6 images)
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-0.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-1.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-2.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-3.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-4.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-5.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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