by Stephen Mifsud
   27 Jan 2023      ()
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Fumaria officinalis   (Common Fumitory)

Fumaria officinalis  (FUMARIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Fumaria officinalis - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from on 27-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Fumaria officinalisL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 700 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Fumaria viciosoi Pau
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Fumariaceae DC. (The Fumitoy Family)
13 species from the Fumariaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Common Fumitory

Maltese name(s) :

Daħnet L-art medja

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

December – July

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

officinalis: Commercially or 'officially' used and sold in shops for medicinal or healing applications. This epithet was given in the past to plants with well-known medicinal properties. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Raceme longer than peduncle. Bracts ½ as long to nearly as long as the erecto-patent fruiting pedicels. Sepals 1.5-3.5 x 0.7-1.5 mm, irregularly dentate. Corolla 7-9 mm, purplish-pink; wings of upper petal and apex of inner ones blackish-red; lower petal with patent margin, spathulate. Fruit c. 2 x 2.5-3 mm, more or less obreniform, obscurely keeled, rugose when dry; apex truncate or slightly emarginate.
Distributional range: Almost throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except the Azores, Svalbard archipelago, only as a casual in Faroe Islands, Iceland
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
AE Ag Al Ar Au(A) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu By dCa(C F L) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga Ge Gg Gr Hb He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It La Li LS Lt Lu Ma Mk Mo No Po Rf Rm Sa Si(M S) dSk Sl Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Fa Is Po]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (12 images)
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-0.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-1.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-2.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-3.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-4.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-5.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-6.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-7.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-8.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-9.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-10.
   Fumaria officinalis   -   Image Code: FUMOF-11.

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