by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Jan 2023      ()
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Cyperus longus subsp. longus   (Sweet Galingale)

Cyperus longus subsp. longus  (CYPERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Cyperus longus subsp. longus - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 29-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cyperus longus subsp. longusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 45 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Cyperus speciosus Lojac.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Cyperaceae Juss. (The Sedge Family)
27 species from the Cyperaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sweet Galingale

Maltese name(s) :

Bordi tal-wied

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

Brown or Inconspicuous


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

longus subsp. longus:

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Wetlands and damp places
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Perennial; rhizomes long, 3-10 mm wide, knotted, covered with broad scales; tubers absent; stems 20-150 cm, solitary. Leaves 2-10 mm wide, shorter than to equalling the stems. Bracts 2-6, the outer exceeding the inflorescence. Inflorescence a simple or compound umbel; rays 2-10, up to 35 cm. Spikelets 4-25(-60)x 1-2 mm, linear to oblong, with 6-32 flowers, ascending to patent. Rhachilla broadly winged. Glumes 2-3 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate or elliptical, obtuse, dark brown or reddish with greenish keel. Stamens 3. Nut 1/3-3/4 as long as the glumes, brownish to black.
Distributional range: S., W. & C. Europe, northwards to S. England.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), †Ge Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, K E Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) AE(G) Ag Al Au(A) dAz(C F G J L M P S T) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu Ca(C F G P T) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(C F) Ge Gr He Hs(S) Hu Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(M P) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Hb(E)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-0.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-1.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-2.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-3.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-4.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-5.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-6.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-7.
   Cyperus longus subsp. longus   -   Image Code: CYPLO-8.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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