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   4 Feb 2023      ()
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Ecballium elaterium   (Squirting Cucumber)


Ecballium elaterium  (CUCURBITACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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General Information Species Images
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Detailed species profile
Cucurbitaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
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Profile Date July-2004 (taxon update: July-2004)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Ecballium elaterium - datasheet created on July-2004. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 04-Feb-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ecballium elaterium(L.) A.Rich.
Published in Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 6: 19 (1824)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Momordica elaterium L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Cucurbitaceae Juss. (The Gourd or Cucumber Family)
2 species from the Cucurbitaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Squirting Cucumber, Spitting Cucumber, Wild Balsam-Apple

Maltese name(s) :

Faqqus il-ħmir, Bettieħ il-ħmir

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent    Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – July

Colour of Flowers:

Cream

Toxicity:

Toxic, and may lead to irreversible damage or death if consumed in large quantities

Name Derivation :

Ecballium: From ekballein meaning to cast out forcefully, referring to the forceful ejection of the seeds when the fruit is ripe ! (Greek origin )
elaterium: from elatos meaning to drive or expel away violently, again for the powerful expulsion of seeds of this plant when the fruit are touched or ripe. (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Sandy or stony ground near the sea and often as a ruderal.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Wasteland, rubbish or stone dumps, tracksides and along country lanes.
Botanical Description: Stems 15-60 cm. Leaves long-petiolate; lamina 4-10 cm, cordate to triangular, entire, denticulate or rarely shallowly lobed, undulate, rather fleshy. Corolla of male flowers 18-20 mm, yellowish. Fruit 4-5 x 2.5 cm, green, ovoid, very hispid, dehiscing explosively at the base.
Distributional range: S. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  the Azores, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Hungary
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Ab(A N) AE(G) Ag Al Ar BH Bl(I M N) Bu Ca Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Ga(F) Gg(A G) Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Mk Mo Rf(CS S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl SM Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [aAu(A L) nAz(G J M P S T) nBr Ca(T) aCs aGa(C) aGe Hu Sr]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (37 images)
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-0.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-1.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-2.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-3.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-4.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-5.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-6.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-7.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-8.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-9.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-10.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-11.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-12.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-13.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-14.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-15.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-16.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-17.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-18.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-19.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-20.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-21.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-22.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-23.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-24.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-25.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-26.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-27.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-28.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-29.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-30.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-31.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-32.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-33.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-34.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-35.
   Ecballium elaterium   -   Image Code: ECBEL-36.

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