by Stephen Mifsud
   21 Sep 2023      ()
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Matricaria aurea   (Golden Mayweed)

Matricaria aurea  (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Matricaria aurea - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 21-Sep-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Matricaria aurea(Loefl.) Boiss.
Published in Cat. Pl. Syrie Palaest. 10 (1854)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Chamomilla aurea (L.) Sch. Bip.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
123 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Golden Mayweed, Golden Chamomille

Maltese name(s) :

Kamumilla nana

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule III of [S.L. 549.44] (Conservation requires the designation of SAC)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

March – May

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Roadsides, waste places and cultivated ground
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Stems 4-25 cm, slender, decumbent or ascending and often flexuous, branched from the base, glabrous below, sometimes very sparsely pubescent below the capitulum. Leaves 0.5-2.5 x 0.3-1 cm; segments numerous, capillary, mucronulate. Peduncles 0.5-2.5 cm; capitula 1-60, 4-7 mm in diameter; involucral bracts with a brown margin. Florets all tubular, 4-lobed, yellow; corolla 0.7-0.9 mm (slightly exceeding the auricle, if present). Achenes 0.6-0.9 x 0.15-0.2 mm (excluding auricle), pale to dark brown, with 3-5 ribs on the ventral face; pappus either a short membranous rim, or a conspicuous irregularly toothed, scarious auricle 0.6-0.8 mm.
Chromosome number: 2n=18
Distributional range: S. Portugal, C. & S.E. Spain, Lampedusa, Malta

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) Ag Cr Cy Eg Gg -Gr Hs(S) Ir Jo Le Li Lu Ma Rf(CS) Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A) [aBr aGa(F) aGe]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

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Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-0.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-1.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-2.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-3.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-4.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-5.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-6.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-7.
   Matricaria aurea   -   Image Code: MTRAU-8.

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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
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