by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
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Eclipta prostrata   (False Daisy)

Eclipta prostrata  (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Aug-2022 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Eclipta prostrata - datasheet created on Aug-2022. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Eclipta prostrata(L.) L.
Published in Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Verbesina prostrata L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
123 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

False Daisy

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien. Species that was introduced in Malta rather recently and normally it is short-lived or resticted to small populations for a short time, without becoming widespread or invasive.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

June – September

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :


Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Remarks :

Mostly seen in gardens, cultivated pots and planters, but have also been seen in distrurbed, arid urban areas.

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Rice-fields and other wet places.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Steppe, gardens and planters, exposed disturbed ground, roadsides, dry water catchment areas.
Botanical Description: Decumbent annual or short-lived perennial herb, to 1 m long, strigose. Leaves 2-11 x 0.4-3 cm, narrowly lanceolate or less commonly elliptic, 3-veined from near base, both surfaces strigose, eglandular, the apex acute to acuminate, the base narrowly cuneate and clasping the stem, the margins serrate to crenate. Inflorescence terminal, of solitary pedunculate heads; peduncles 1-5 cm long. Heads radiate; involucral bracts biseriate, slightly overlapping, 2.5-7 mm long, elliptic to lanceolate, the apex acute to caudate. Ray flowers many; corollas white, 1-2.5 mm long, the limb linear. Disk flowers many; corollas white, 1-2 mm long. Achenes 2-2.5 mm long, essentially glabrous with a few short hairs at apex; pappus of a few inconspicuous teeth or absent.
Chromosome number: 2n=22
Distributional range: Naturalized locally in S. Europe.
Native region outside Europe: Tropical and warm temperate America (e.g. Brasil)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Ab(A) AE(G) Al aBe(B) Bu Cg aCo nCy nEg nGa(F) Gr nHs(S) nIJ nIr aIt Jo nLe nLS nLu nMa nMd(M) nRm aSa aSi(S) nSy nTu(A) Uk(U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-0.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-1.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-2.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-3.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-4.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-5.
   Eclipta prostrata   -   Image Code: ECLPR-6.

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