by Stephen Mifsud
   2 Mar 2024      ()
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Calendula officinalis   (Pot Marigold)

Calendula officinalis  (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Calendula officinalis - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from on 02-Mar-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Calendula officinalisL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 921 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Calendula eriocarpa DC.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
123 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Pot Marigold, English Marigold

Maltese name(s) :

Suffejra tal-ġonna

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

January – April

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Orange


Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Calendula: Derived from Latin word 'kalendae' that means first day of the month but is thought to allude to the plant's long flowering season - as if it last for all the months of the calendar. (Latin origin )
officinalis: Commercially or 'officially' used and sold in shops for medicinal or healing applications. This epithet was given in the past to plants with well-known medicinal properties. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Cultivated for ornament
Preferred habitat in Malta: Ornamental plant which have been seen escaping in sites close to its cultivated origin such as in road margins, fields, disturbed ground and even garigue
Botanical Description: Annual to perennial, woody only at the base. Stems (17-)20-50(-10) cm, erect, diffuse or procumbent, much-branched, generally leafy almost to apex. Leaves (3-)7-14(-17) x 1-4(-6) cm, oblanceolate, narrowly obovate, oblong or spathulate, shortly acute or obtuse, glandular-pubescent to sparsely arachnoid-floccose, usually subentire to obscurely repand-dentate. Capitula usually 4-7 cm in diameter. Ligules often 2 cm, at least twice as long as the involucral bracts, yellow or orange; tubular florets usually more or less concolorous with ligules, sometimes brownish. Capitula in fruit with or without an outer row of incurved (or rarely patent) narrowly beaked achenes 2-2.5 cm, alternating with much shorter, cymbiform (rarely 3-winged) achenes.
Distributional range: throughout Europe locally naturalized in S. & W. Europe and a frequent casual elsewhere.
Native region outside Europe: (Origin unknown.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in  the Azores, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia)
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[cAb(A) AE(G T) cAl Au(A) aAu(L) Az aAz(C F G J L M P S T) Be BH Bl aBl(M) nBr cBu By Ca(C H P T) nCa(G) Cg ?Co aCr aCs Ct aCy aEs nGa(C F) Ge Gr aHb(E N) He Ho Hs nHs(S) aHu nIt ?La aLe cLi aLS ?Lt aLu ?Ma nMd(M P) Mo No aPo Rf(C E K N NW S) aRf(CS) aRm Sa Si(M) aSi(S) aSk Sl Sr aSu aSy cTcs Tu(A) Uk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (12 images)
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-0.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-1.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-2.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-3.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-4.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-5.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-6.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-7.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-8.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-9.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-10.
   Calendula officinalis   -   Image Code: CALOF-11.

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